The Application to Evaluate Worship Location Based on Geospatial Analysis: Case of Indonesia

DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2013.56056   PDF   HTML     2,553 Downloads   3,998 Views   Citations


The application of geospatial analysis is a need to respond to the increasing number of social conflicts caused by the existence of public places of worships (PPW) in Indonesia. This conflict eventually becomes endemic among Indonesian cross-cultural society. Even though the government has produced a regulation-like policy namely SKB 2006 to manage the establishment of PPW, its contribution to avoiding or reducing the conflicts is in question. Researchers notice that the policy is misused in some incidents to even trigger the conflict. It is due to the presence of people participation defined in SKB 2006 particularly to determine the legalization of PPW. Currently there is no exact foundation used by the government to precisely measure the status of PPW, hence the decision to permit or reject any proposal to establish PPW is determined by the acceptance of surrounding society which in many occasions becomes the cause of the conflict. Therefore the government needs to regain control over the existence of PPW since these types of buildings are public facilities used by people in cross-cultural society. The research is to provide accurate information regarding the existence of PPW and the impact of their presence using geospatial analysis. The objective is to analyze the interaction between PPW and its surrounding objects. The analysis is based on PPW coverage, overlapping and blank spot area. A case study has been conducted to analyze the existence of PPW at Cemorokandang village, a part of Malang city in the province of East Java. The application highlights the issue of overwhelming PPW in the location of analysis.


Share and Cite:

C. Crysdian, "The Application to Evaluate Worship Location Based on Geospatial Analysis: Case of Indonesia," Journal of Geographic Information System, Vol. 5 No. 6, 2013, pp. 593-601. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2013.56056.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] SETARA, “Report on Freedom of Religion and Belief in 2012,” 2012.
[2] WAHID, “Laporan Akhir Tahun Kebebasan Beragama dan Intoleransi,” 2012.
[3] CRCS, “Laporan Tahunan Kehidupan Keagamaan Tahun,” 2008.
[4] CRCS, “Annual Report on Religious Life in Indonesia,” 2009.
[5] CRCS, “Laporan Tahunan Kehidupan Keagamaan Tahun,” 2010.
[6] CRCS, “Laporan Tahunan Kehidupan Keagamaan Tahun,” 2011.
[7] SKB, “Pedoman Pelaksanaan Tugas Kepala Daerah/ Wakil Kepala Daerah Dalam Pemeliharaan Kerukunan Umat Beragama, Pemberdayaan Forum Kerukunan Umat Beragama, Dan Pendirian Rumah Ibadat,” Peraturan Bersama Menteri Agama Dan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 9 Tahun 2006 dan Nomor 8 Tahun 2006.
[8] SETARA, “The Faces of Islam ‘Defenders’,” Pustaka Masyarakat Setara, 2010.
[9] M. M. Pickthall, “The Meaning of the Glorious Qur’an,” Islamic Book Trust, Kuala Lumpur, 2001.
[10] H. J. Hoernig, “Worship in the Suburbs: The Development Experience of Recent Immigrant Religious Communities,” PhD Thesis, University of Waterloo, 2006.
[11] MSHL, “Places of Worship Policy Review,” Prepared for the City of Brampton for Discussion Purposes, 2008.
[12] Oakville, “Town of Oakville: Places of Worship Land Use Study,” Town of Oakville Planning Services Department, 2011.
[13] I. Ayhan and K. M. Cubukcu, “Explaining Historical Urban Development Using the Locations of Mosques: A GIS/Spatial Statistics-Based Approach,” Applied Geography, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2010, pp. 229-238.
[14] S. Srirangam and W. Forsyth, “Culture and Commerce of Chennay City—A Spatial Analysis of the Relationship between Temples and Retail Activity,” Proceedings of 8th International Space Syntax Symposium, Santiago de Chile: PUC, 2012.
[15] Malaysia, “Garis Panduan Perancangan Tempat Ibadat Islam. Jabatan Perancangan Bandar dan Desa Semenanjung Malaysia,” Kementerian Perumahan dan Kerajaan Tempatan Malaysia, 2002.
[16] I. Hasan, “Architecture and the Politics of Identity in Indonesia: A Study of the Cultural History of Aceh,” PhD Thesis, University of Adelaide, 2009.
[17] B. A. Sukada, “The Architecture of Early Independence. Indonesian Heritage: Architecture,” Archipelago Press, Singapore, 1996.
[18] A. Jutraz, A. Voigt and T. Zupanci, “3D City Model as Understandable Design Interfaces for lay Public,” Journal of Society for Development of Teaching and Business Processes in New Net Environment in B&H, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2011, p. 890.
[19] T. Pylvanainen, J. Berclaz, T. Korah, V. Hedau, M. Aanjaneya and R. Grzeszczuk, “3D City Modeling from Street Level Data for Augmented Reality Applications,” Proceedings of 2012 Second Joint 3DIM/3DPVT Conference: 3D Imaging, Modeling, Processing, Visualization and Transmission, 2012.
[20] C. Huggel, D. Schneider, P. J. Miranda, H. D. Granados and A. Kaab, “Evaluation of ASTER and SRTM DEM Data for Lahar Modeling: A Case Study on Lahars from Popocatepetl Volcano, Mexico,” Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 170, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 99-110.
[21] E. Suwandana, K. Kawamura, Y. Sakuno, E. Kustiyanto and B. Raharjo, “Evaluation of ASTER GDEM2 in Comparison with GDEM1, SRTM DEM and Topographic Map Derived DEM Using Inundation Area Analysis and RTK-dGPS Data,” Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 4, No. 8, 2012, pp. 2419-2431.
[22] C. Crysdian, “3D Visualization of Small Scale Spatial Object Based on Digital Elevation Model,” Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Distributed Frameworks and Application, Yogyakarta, 2010.
[23] T. G. Farr, P. A. Rosen, E. Caro, R. Crippen, R. Duren, S. Hensley, M. Kobrick, M. Paller, et al., “The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission,” Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 45, No. 2, 2007.
[24] Indonesia, “Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 28 Tahun 2002 Tentang Bangunan Gedung,” Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2002 Nomor 134.
[25] S. Burch, A. Shaw, S. Sheppard and D. Flanders, “Climate Change Visualization: Using 3D Imagery of Local Places to Build Capacity and Inform Policy,” State of Climate Visualization, CSPR Report, Vol. 4, 2009, pp. 65-73.
[26] C. Crysdian, “Penerapan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi untuk Optimalisasi Proses Pelayanan Perijinan Pendirian Rumah Ibadat Menggunakan Analisa Data Spasial,” Competitive Research Report, Research and Development Center (PUSLITBANG Kehidupan Keagamaan), Indonesia’s Ministry of Religion, 2011.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.