Illusory Upward Self-Motion Results in a Decrease in Perceived Room Temperature

DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.411118   PDF   HTML     2,988 Downloads   4,153 Views   Citations


Purpose: Stationary observers often experience illusory self-motion (vection) when they are exposed to large patterns of optic flow. The effect of different temperatures on the strength of vection was investigated. Method: Eleven participants were exposed to visual stimuli that induced illusory motion (up, down) in three room temperatures (26°C - 27°C, 21°C - 22°C, 5°C - 6°C). Participants rated (a) the vection magnitude, and (b) the room temperature (twice; before and after vection). Results: Upward vection was rated as stronger than downward vection in the 26°C - 27°C temperature. In addition, after experiencing upward and downward vection, subjective ratings of room temperature decreased and increased, respectively, when the room temperature was 26°C - 27°C. This effect was not observed when the room was 5°C - 6°C. Conclusion: These results suggest that a cross modal association exists between the direction “up” and 26°C - 27°C temperatures.

Share and Cite:

Seno, T. & Doorn, G. (2013). Illusory Upward Self-Motion Results in a Decrease in Perceived Room Temperature. Psychology, 4, 823-826. doi: 10.4236/psych.2013.411118.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Cavanagh, P., MacLeod, D. I., & Anstis, S. M. (1987). Equiluminance: Spatial and temporal factors and the contribution of blue-sensitive cones. The Journal of the Optical Society of America, 4, 1428-1438.
[2] Fischer, M. H., & Kornmuller, A. E. (1930). Optokinetic ausgeloste Bewegungs-wahrnehmungen und optokinetinetisher Nystagmus. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 41, 273-308.
[3] Fukuda, H., & Seno, T. (2011). Shrinking neighbors: A quantitative examination of the ‘Shrinking Building’ illusion. Seeing Perceiving, 24, 541-544.
[4] Fukuda, H., & Seno, T. (2012). Healin’ groovy: Movement affects the appearance of the Healing Grid Illusion. Perception, 41, 243-246.
[5] Marks, L. E. (2004). Cross-modal interaction in speeded classification. In G. Calvert, C. Spence, & B. Stein (Eds.), The handbook of multisensory processes (pp. 85-105). Cambridge: MIT Press.
[6] Martino, G., & Marks, L. E. (2000). Cross-modal interaction between vision and touch: The role of synesthetic correspondence. Perception, 29, 745-754.
[7] Miles, L. K., Karpinska, K., Lumsden, J., & Macrae, C. N. (2010). The meandering mind: Vection and mental time travel. PLoS One, 5, e10825.
[8] Palmisano, S., & Chan, A. Y. (2004). Jitter and size effects on vection are immune to experimental instructions and demands. Perception, 33, 987-1000.
[9] Parise, C. V., & Spence, C. (2012). Audiovisual crossmodal correspondences and sound symbolism: A study using the Implicit Association Test. Experimental Brain Research, 220, 319-333.
[10] Pilcher, J. J., Nadler, E., & Busch, C. (2002). Effects of hot and cold temperature exposure on performance: A meta-analytic review. Ergonomics, 45, 682-698.
[11] Riecke, B. E., Schulte-Pelkum, J., Caniard, F., & Bülthoff, H. H. (2005). Influence of auditory cues on the visually-induced self-motion illusion (circular vection) in virtual reality. In M. Slater (Ed.), Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Presence 2005 (pp. 49-57). London: University College London.
[12] Riecke, B. E., Feuereissen, D., & Rieser, J. J. (2008). Auditory self-motion illusions (“circular vection”) can be facilitated by vibrations and the potential for actual motion. In S. N. Spence (Ed.), Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Applied Perception in Graphics and Visualization 2008 (pp. 147-54). New York, NY: The Association for Computing Machinery.
[13] Seno, T., Ito, H., & Sunaga, S. (2009). The object and background hypothesis for vection. Vision Research, 49, 2973-2982.
[14] Seno, T., Ito, H., Sunaga, S., & Nakamura, S. (2010). Temporonasal motion projected on the nasal retina underlies expansion-contraction asymmetry in vection. Vision Research, 50, 1131-1139.
[15] Seno, T., Ito, H., & Sunaga, S. (2011a). Attentional load inhibits vection. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 1467-1476.
[16] Seno, T., Ito, H., & Sunaga, S. (2011b). Self-motion perception compresses time experienced in return travel. Perception, 40, 497-499.
[17] Seno, T., Ito, H., Sunaga, S., Hasuo, E., Nakajima, Y., & Ogawa, M. (2011). Consistency between modalities enhances visually induced self-motion (vection). In G. Suzuki (Ed.), Proceedings of the 12th International Multisensory Research Forum. Fukuoka: I-Perception.
[18] Seno, T., Ogawa, M., Ito, H., & Sunaga, S. (2011). Consistent air flow to the face facilitates vection. Perception, 40, 1237-1240.
[19] Seno, T., Taya, S., Ito, H., & Sunaga, S. (2011). Mental number line in depth revealed by vection. Perception, 40, 1241-1244.
[20] Seno, T., Yamada, Y., & Ihaya, K. (2011). Narcissistic people cannot be moved easily by visual stimulation. Perception, 40, 1390-1392.
[21] Seno, T., & Fukuda, H. (2012). Stimulus meanings alter illusory selfmotion (vection): Experimental examination of the train illusion. Seeing & Perceiving, 25, 631-645.
[22] Soto-Faraco, S., Spence, C., & Kingstone, A. (2004). Cross-modal dynamic capture: Congruency effects in the perception of motion across sensory modalities. The Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 30, 330-345.
[23] Williams, L. E., & Bargh, J. A. (2008). Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science, 322, 606-607.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.