Determining the Basaltic Sequence Using Seismic Reflection and Resistivity Methods


This study was carried out in Harat Rahat (south of Almadinah Almonwarah) using seismic reflection and resistivity methods. The main objectives of this study are to determine the extent of the basaltic layer and to define the subsurface faults and fractures that could affect and control the groundwater movement in the study area. A 2D seismic profile was acquired and the result shows that the subsurface in the study area has a major fault. We obtained a well match when the seismic result was compared with drilled wells. As a complementary tool, the resistivity method was applied in order to detect the groundwater level. The results of the resistivity method showed that six distinct layers have been identified. The interpretation of these six layers show that the first three layers, the fourth layer, the fifth layer and the bottom of the section indicated various subsurface structures and lithologies; various basaltic layers, fractured basalt, weathered basement and fresh basaltic layers, respectively. It is obvious that the eventual success of geophysical surveys depend on the combination with other subsurface data sources in order to produce accurate maps.

Share and Cite:

A. Alanezi and A. Qadrouh, "Determining the Basaltic Sequence Using Seismic Reflection and Resistivity Methods," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 3 No. 2B, 2013, pp. 17-21. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32B004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] O. J. Akintorinwa and J. I. A. desoji, “Application of Geophysical and Geotechnical Investigations in Engineering Site Evaluation,” Pacific Journal of Science and Technology, USA, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2009, pp. 680-692.
[2] E. A. Ayolabi, E. A. Atakpo, L. Adeoti, E. C. Otobor and T. Arerin, “Groundwater Quality Assessment Using Predrilling Electrical Measurements,” Journal of Environmental Hydrology, Vol. 17, 2009, pp. 1-12.
[3] E. A. Ayolabi, A. F. Folorunso and M. O. Oloruntola, “Constraining Causes of Structural Failure Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT): A Case Study of Lagos,” Southwestern, Nigeria, Mineral Wealth, Greece, Vol. 156, 2010, pp. 7-18.
[4] F. Cahyna, O. Mazac and D. Vendhova, “Determination of the Extent of Cyanide Contamination by Surface Geo-Electrical Methods,” SEG-Geotechnical and environmental Geo-physics, Tulsa., Vol. 2, 1990, pp. 97-99.
[5] C. R. Clement, T. L. Pratt, M. L. Holmes and B. L. Sherrod, “High-Resolution Seismic Reflection Imaging of Growth Folding and Shallow Faults beneath the Southern Puget Lowland, Washington State,” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 100, 2010, pp. 1710-1723. doi:10.1785/0120080306
[6] J. Cocker, M. Urosevic and B. Evans, “A High Resolution Seismic Survey to Assist in Mine Planning: Proceeding of Fourth Decennial International Conference on Mineral Exploration,” edited by A. G. Gubins, 1997, pp. 473 - 476.
[7] A. F. Folorunso, E. A. Ayolabi, S. O. Ariyo and I. O. Oyebanjo, “Fault Presence Under a Failing Building Complex Mapped by Electrical Resistivity Tomography,” Mineral Wealth, Greece,2012.
[8] P. E. Geissler, “Seismic Reflection Profiling for GroundWater Studies in Victoria,” Australia Geophysics, Vol. 54, 1989, pp. 31-37.
[9] P. H. Giao, S. G. Chung, D. Y. Kim, and H. Tanaka, “Electrical imaging and laboratory resistivity testing for geotechnical investigation of Pusan clay deposits,” Journal of Applied Geophysics, Vol. 52, 2003, pp. 157-175. doi:10.1016/S0926-9851(03)00002-8
[10] S. Greenhalgh, M. Suprajitno and D. King, “Shallow seismic Reflection Investigations of Coal in the Sydney Basin,” Geophysics, Vol. v51, 1986, pp. 1426-1437.
[11] H. Henson, J. Sexton and J. Jobling, “High-Resolution Seismic Reflection Study of Shallow Coal Seams near Harco, Illinois,” SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 1989, pp. 372-374.
[12] P. Jongerius and K. Helbig, “Onshore High-Resolution Seismic Profiling Applied to Sedimentology,” Geophysics, Vol. 53, 1988, pp. 1276-1283. doi:10.1190/1.1442405
[13] M. H. Khalil, “Hydrogeo-physical Assessment of Wadi el-sheikh Aquifer, Saint Katherine, South Sinai, Egypt,” Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, JEEG, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2009, PP. 77-86. doi:10.2113/JEEG14.2.77
[14] R. Knapp and A. E. Muftuoglu, “Detection of Coals 30 cm Thick at Depths of 50 and 60 m by Seismic Reflection. Profiling,” SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 1987, pp. 227-228.
[15] D. Palmer, “High Resolution Seismic Reflection Surveys for Coal,” Geoexploration, Vol. 24, 1987, pp. 397-408. doi:10.1016/0016-7142(87)90009-3
[16] T. C. H. Philip, M. C. Ron and R. Kumar,“High-Resolution Seismic Reflection Imaging of a Thin, Diamondiferous Kimberlite Dyke,” Geophysics, Vol. 69, 2004, pp. 1143-1154. doi:10.1190/1.1801932

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.