Microwave Assisted Acid Digestion of Biomorphic Ceramic Obtained from Cedar Wood Infiltrated with ZrO2

DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.21007   PDF   HTML     5,105 Downloads   9,352 Views   Citations


This work proposes the use of experimental design for optimization of microwave-assisted digestion of bio- morphic ZrO2-ceramic. Cedar wood is used as template and it was infiltrated with ZrO2 via sol-gel process. XPS, SEM and XRD have been used to verify the effectiveness of the synthesis. The effects of different combination of acids in the digestion of this sample have been optimized taking as response the concentra- tion of several metallic ions measured by ICP-MS.

Share and Cite:

F. Rojas, C. Ojeda and J. Pavón, "Microwave Assisted Acid Digestion of Biomorphic Ceramic Obtained from Cedar Wood Infiltrated with ZrO2," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2011, pp. 66-74. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2011.21007.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] G. Hanrahan and K. Lu, “Application of Factorial and Response Surface Methodology in Modern Experimental Design and Optimization,” Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 36, 2006, pp. 141-151. doi:10.1080/10408340600969478
[2] P. E. Smith and E. A. Arsenault, “Application of Factorial and Response Surface Methodology in Modern Experimental Design and Optimization,” Talanta, Vol. 48, 1996, pp. 1207-1268. doi:10.1016/0039-9140(96)01882-6
[3] K. J. Lamble and S. J. Hill, “Microwave Digestion Procedures for Environmental Matrices, Critical Review,” Analyst, Vol. 123, 1998, pp. 103-133. doi:10.1039/a800776d
[4] I. V. Kubrakova and E. S. Toropchenova, “Microwave Heating for Enhancing Efficiency of Analytical Operations (Review),” Inorganic Materials, Vol. 44, 2008, pp. 1509-1519. doi:10.1134/S0020168508140069
[5] H. M. Kinston and S. J. Haswell, “Microwave-Enhanced Chemistry, Fundamental, Sample Preparation and Applications,” American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 1997.
[6] C. Bosch Ojeda and F. Sánchez Rojas, “Sample Dissolution for Elemental Analysis/Microwave Digestion,” Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, 2nd Edition, Elsevier, 2005, pp. 153-163. doi:10.1016/B0-12-369397-7/00540-9
[7] M. Luo, J. Gao, G. Qiao and Z. Jin, “Synthesis of Wood-Derived Ceramics from Biological Templates,” Progress in Chemistry, Vol. 20, 2008, pp. 989-1000.
[8] H. Sieber, J. Cao, C. R. Rambo and P. Greil, “Manufacturing of Porous Oxide Ceramics from Bioorganic Preforms,” Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Vol. 23, 2002, pp. 175-181. doi:10.1002/9780470294758.ch20
[9] M. Singh and B. M. Yee, “Reactive Processing of Environmentally Conscious, Biomorphic Ceramics from Natural Wood Precursors,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 24, 2004, pp. 209-217. doi:10.1016/S0955-2219(03)00244-9
[10] J. Cao, C. R. Rambo and H. Sieber, “Preparation of Porous Al2O3-Ceramics by Biotemplating of Wood,” Journal of Porous Materials, Vol. 11, 2004, pp. 163-172. doi:10.1023/B:JOPO.0000038012.58705.c9
[11] J. Cao, O. Rusina and H. Sieber, “Processing of Porous TiO2-Ceramics from Biological Preforms,” Ceramics International, Vol. 30, 2004, pp. 1971-1974. doi:10.1016/j.ceramint.2003.12.180
[12] J. Cao, C. R. Rambo and H. Sieber, “Manufacturing of Microcellular, Biomorphous Oxide Ceramics from Native Pine Wood,” Ceramics International, Vol. 30, 2004, pp. 1967-1970. doi:10.1016/j.ceramint.2003.12.181
[13] C. R. Rambo, J. Cao and H. Sieber, “Preparation and Properties of Highly Porous, Biomorphic YSZ Ceramics,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 87, 2004, pp. 345-352. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2004.05.031
[14] C. R. Rambo, J. Cao, O. Rusina and H. Sieber, “Manufacturing of Biomorphic (Si,Ti,Zr)-Carbide Ceramics by Sol-Gel Processing,” Carbon, Vol. 43, 2005, pp. 1174-1183. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2004.12.009
[15] Statgraphics Plus (version 5.1), Reference Manual; Manugistics: Rockville, MD, 1992.
[16] Physical Electronics, Multitechnique ESCA Reference Manual for the PCACCES Software Version 6.0; Physical Electronics: Minneapolis, USA, 1995.
[17] M. Nechar, M. F. Molina and J. M. Bosque-Sendra, “Application of Doehlert Optimization and Factorial Designs in Developing and Validating a Solid-Phase Spectrophotometric Determination of Trace Levels of Cadmium,” Analytica Chimica Acta, Vol. 382, 1999, pp. 117-130. doi:10.1016/S0003-2670(98)00768-5
[18] L. M. Costa, S. L. C. Ferreira, A. R. A. Nogueira and J. A. Nóbrega, “Use of Factorial Design for Optimization of Microwave-Assisted Digestion of Lubricating Oil,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, Vol. 16, 2005, pp. 1269-1274.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.