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Synthesis of Bifunctional Poly(Vinyl Phosphonic Acid-co-glycidyl Metacrylate-co-divinyl Benzene) Cation-Exchange Resin and Its Indium Adsorption

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DOI: 10.4236/ojpchem.2013.34018    3,889 Downloads   6,564 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Poly(vinyl phosphonic acid-co-glycidyl methacrylate-co-divinyl benzene) (PVGD) and PVGD containing an iminodi-acetic acid group (IPVGD), which has indium ion selectivity, were synthesized by suspension polymerization, and their indium adsorption properties were investigated. The synthesized PVGD and IPVGD resins were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and mercury porosimetry. The cation-exchange capacity, the water uptake and the indium adsorption properties were investigated. The cation-exchange capacities of PVGD and IPVGD were 1.2 - 4.5 meq/g and 2.5 - 6.4 meq/g, respectively. The water uptakes were decreased with increasing contents of divinyl benzene (DVB). The water uptake values were 25% - 40% and 20% - 35%, respectively. The optimum adsorption of indium from a pure indium solution and an artificial indium tin oxide (ITO) solution by the PVGD and IPVGD ion-exchange resins were 2.3 and 3.5 meq/g, respectively. The indium adsorption capacities of IPVGD were higher than those of PVGD. The indium ion adsorption selectivity in the artificial ITO solution by PVGD and IPVGD was excellent, and other ions were adsorbed only slightly.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

C. Hwang, C. Lee and T. Hwang, "Synthesis of Bifunctional Poly(Vinyl Phosphonic Acid-co-glycidyl Metacrylate-co-divinyl Benzene) Cation-Exchange Resin and Its Indium Adsorption," Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 104-112. doi: 10.4236/ojpchem.2013.34018.

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