Towards an Intelligent Predictive Model for Analyzing Spatio-Temporal Satellite Image Based on Hidden Markov Chain

DOI: 10.4236/ars.2013.23027   PDF   HTML     4,074 Downloads   6,530 Views   Citations

Abstract

Nowadays remote sensing is an important technique for observing Earth surface applied to different areas such as, land use, urban planning, remote monitoring, real time deformation of the soil that can be associated with earthquakes or landslides, the variations in thickness of the glaciers, the measurement of volume changes in the case of volcanic eruptions, deforestation, etc. To follow the evolution of these phenomena and to predict their future states, many approaches have been proposed. However, these approaches do not respond completely to the specialists who process yet more commonly the data extracted from the images in their studies to predict the future. In this paper, we propose an innovative methodology based on hidden Markov models (HMM). Our approach exploits temporal series of satellite images in order to predict spatio-temporal phenomena. It uses HMM for representing and making prediction concerning any objects in a satellite image. The first step builds a set of feature vectors gathering the available information. The next step uses a Baum-Welch learning algorithm on these vectors for detecting state changes. Finally, the system interprets these changes to make predictions. The performance of our approach is evaluated by tests of space-time interpretation of events conducted over two study sites, using different time series of SPOT images and application to the change in vegetation with LANDSAT images.

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H. Essid, I. Farah and V. Barra, "Towards an Intelligent Predictive Model for Analyzing Spatio-Temporal Satellite Image Based on Hidden Markov Chain," Advances in Remote Sensing, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2013, pp. 247-257. doi: 10.4236/ars.2013.23027.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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