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Investigation of β-Cryptoxanthin Fatty Acid Ester Compositions in Citrus Fruits Cultivated in Japan

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DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.49A1016    2,847 Downloads   3,990 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT


In this study, a catalog of β-cryptoxanthin (βCX) and its fatty acid esters (βCXFAs) in citrus fruits were constructed. The peel and pulp of citrus fruits from nine Japanese cultivars and one foreign cultivar were surveyed by supercritical fluid chromatography/triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (SFC/QqQMS). In each citrus sample, the major components were βCX and its laurate ester, myristate ester, palmitate ester, and oleate ester. However, the composition ratio of βCXFA varied with the citrus breed and between the pulp and the peel of the fruit in most cultivars. The SFC/QqQMS system could be used to obtain new information about βCXs and carry out further discussion on the feature and tendency of each citrus variety.


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Y. Wada, A. Matsubara, T. Uchikata, Y. Iwasaki, S. Morimoto, K. Kan, T. Ookura, E. Fukusaki and T. Bamba, "Investigation of β-Cryptoxanthin Fatty Acid Ester Compositions in Citrus Fruits Cultivated in Japan," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 9A, 2013, pp. 98-104. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013.49A1016.

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