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Drought and Associated Impacts in the Great Plains of the United States—A Review

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DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.46A2009    5,063 Downloads   7,625 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The Great Plains region of the United States is susceptible to drought of all kinds including meteorological/climatological, agricultural, hydrological, and socioeconomic. Drought conditions in the region span varying spatial and temporal scales and the causes include: 1) certain synoptic conditions that favor drought such as mid-tropospheric ridging over the drought-affected area and a weak low-level jet; 2) sea surface temperature anomalies and associated teleconnections; 3) land-atmosphere coupling; and 4) anthropogenic effects. While drought can span as few as a couple of months, the most severe droughts can occur at the decadal scale such as the 1930s Dust Bowl, the worst drought in recent history from a societal standpoint. Such droughts in the Great Plains have widespread impacts on agriculture, water resources, human health, and the economy.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

J. Basara, J. Maybourn, C. Peirano, J. Tate, P. Brown, J. Hoey and B. Smith, "Drought and Associated Impacts in the Great Plains of the United States—A Review," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 4 No. 6B, 2013, pp. 72-81. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2013.46A2009.

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