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Intra and Inter-Observer Reliability of Mobile Tablet PACS Viewer System vs. Standard PACS Viewing Station-Diagnosis of Acute Central Nervous System Events

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DOI: 10.4236/ojrad.2013.32014    3,279 Downloads   5,536 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background and Purpose: The display resolution of the Apple iPad? is 1024 × 768 pixels, which is greater than that required for generating the typical CT or MRI images. The purpose of this study is to determine if specific CT and MR sequences can be interpreted accurately on mobile device/PACS software platforms when compared to a traditional stationary high resolution monitor/PACS radiological workstation. If so, this allows radiologists to provide comparable interpretation as if they were onsite at an imaging center or hospital. Materials and Methods: This study is an investigator initiated, single site, retrospective, nonrandomized, IRB approved study. Five radiologists were included in this study. Each independently interpreted specific CT and MR sequences on traditional high-resolution LCD monitors via eFilm? software as well as an iPad? mobile device using Osirix? software program. Repeat interpretations were performed, with 4 weeks minimum interval between interpretations of each patient. This investigation included: 50 patients with CTA perfusion imaging, 50 patients with MRI of the brain, and 50 patients with MRI of the spine, which were image study orders generated through emergency room requests. Subsequently, interpretive results of each radiologist for each patient were statistically compared to evaluate for intra-observer and inter-observer reliability. Results: The parameters set within the CTA perfusion brain studies demonstrated excellent intra-observer variability. All of the parameters within the MRI brain studies demonstrated excellent intra-observer variability with a Cohen’s kappa value > 0.75. The Cohen’s kappa values for the board certified neuroradiologist demonstrated excellent variability for all parameters; the resident radiologists had good variability, with a majority of kappa values near 0.75. Conclusions: The data and statistical analysis demonstrated that portable mobile devices such as the Apple iPad? can display adequate resolution of CT and MRI sequences to accurately diagnose acute central nervous system injuries and other non-acute pathology.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Bhatia, S. Patel, G. Pantol, Y. Wu, M. Plitnikas and C. Hancock, "Intra and Inter-Observer Reliability of Mobile Tablet PACS Viewer System vs. Standard PACS Viewing Station-Diagnosis of Acute Central Nervous System Events," Open Journal of Radiology, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 91-98. doi: 10.4236/ojrad.2013.32014.

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