Variations of Natural Soil Salinity in an Arid Environment Using Underground Watertable Effects on Salinization of Soils in Irrigated Perimeters in South Tunisia

DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.35105   PDF   HTML     3,737 Downloads   6,040 Views   Citations

Abstract

In arid and semi-arid regions, salinity is a serious and chronic problem for agriculture. The aim of this study is to evaluate the hydromorphical and salinity risks, and to evaluate the relationship and the possible interfering between the water table and the soil on the oasis of Gabes. The topic is very important, especially for nations around the oceans in arid and semi-arid regions. The effect of the gypsum alkalinity in the soil salinity has investigated. The chemical characteristic of used water irrigation (salinity saturation) and their impact factor in the productivity area. Moreover, in this study the program of examination need to put fifteen piesometres by CRAD (Regional Commissariat of Agriculture Development) in the city of Gabes to controlling the variation of water levels in the superficial water table and their change chemical quality. The experimental measure of this program needs a yearly observation and investigation during April and May to evaluate the hydromorphical and salinity risks on the oasis of Gabes. The relationship and the possible interfering between the water table and the soil has evaluate in such condition.

Share and Cite:

A. Boulbaba, L. Marzouk, R. Rabah and S. Najet, "Variations of Natural Soil Salinity in an Arid Environment Using Underground Watertable Effects on Salinization of Soils in Irrigated Perimeters in South Tunisia," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 3 No. 5, 2012, pp. 1040-1047. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2012.35105.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] B. Ajmi, “Study of the Salinity Impact of Waters Irrigation in the Area of El Hicha (North Gabès), Master Thesis, Faculty of Science of Tunis, Tunis, 2004.
[2] SAPI Study Team, “Irrigation Perimeters Improvement Project in Oasis in South Tunisia: Final Report,” MARH, DGGREE, Tunis, 2005.
[3] M. Serge, B. Fethi and B. Akissa, “Water and Salt Balance at Irrigation Scheme Scale: A Comprehensive Approach for Salinity Assessment in a Saharan Oasis,” Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 96, No. 9, 2009, pp. 1311-1322.
[4] M. Pouget, “Contribution to the Study of Gypsum Crusts of Water Table in the South Tunisian,” Journal of Servicing Pedology, Vol. 6, No. 3-4, 1968, pp. 309-365.
[5] B. Ajmi, M. Grera and N. Shimi, “Impact of the Salinity of Waters Irrigation in Southeast of Tunisia,” Geology of the Arab world, Cairo University, Giza, 2006, pp. 671-674.
[6] A. Hatira and Association of the Natural Systems Organo-Mineral, “Speciation of Heavy Metals in Grounds— Impacts of the Anthropological Activities on the Pedological Environmental Pollution (Fertilizing PhosphorGypsum-Used Water—Water of Irrigation and Mining Rejections (Discharges)), Habilitation, The Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, Tunis, 2004
[7] A. Kadri and A. Hatira, “Genesis and Typology of Gypso-Saline Accumulations in Southern Tunisia,” International Symposium on Soils with Gypsum Léida, Espagne, 15-21 September 1996, pp. 55-59.
[8] A. Mtimet and M. Hachicha, “Hydromorphie and Stalinization in the Tunisian oasis,” Water Deficiency, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1995, pp. 319-324.
[9] J. Watson, “Long-Term Soil Salinity Evolution in the Hetao Irrigation Scheme,” ENGREF, Montpellier, 2007.
[10] J. Vieillefon, “Inventory Disapproves of Gypsum Grounds in Tunisia,” Preliminary Study. Dir. Ress. in Water and in Ground, Tunis, 1976..
[11] J. Vieillefon, “Les sols gypseux en Tunisie. Contribution à l’amélioration de leur étude analytique,” Sols de Tunisie, Vol. 10, 1978, pp. 40-105.
[12] F. Ghassemi, A. J. Jakeman and H. A. Nix, “Salinisation of Land and Water Resources,” CABI, Wallingford, 1995.
[13] A. Watson, “Structure, Chemistry and Origin of Gypsum Crusts in Southern Tunisia and the Central Namib Desert,” Sedimentology, Vol. 32, No. 6, 1985, pp. 855-875. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3091.1985.tb00737.x
[14] M. Zammouri, T. Siegfried, T. El-Fahem, S. Kria?a and W. Kinzelbach, “Salinization of Groundwater in the Nefzawa Oases Region, Tunisia: Results of Regional-Scale Hydrogeologic Approach,” Hydrogeology Journal, Vol. 15, No. 7, 2007, pp. 1357-137. doi:10.1007/s10040-007-0185-x

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.