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The Long Magenstrasse with pyloroplasty as functional gastric bypass: 6-years experience, 308 operations

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.28138    4,384 Downloads   8,513 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: The Long Magenstrasse with py-loroplasty as functional Gastric Bypass (briefly LMGBP) procedure for morbid obesity may re- duce the incidence of side effects associated with gastric restrictive and malabsorptive sur- gery, particularly on quality of life and long-term nutritional insufficiency. In follow-up to pre- liminary findings in 34 patients, we report the results of an additional 274 LMGBPs performed over the past 3 years. Methods: Between October 2003 and 2009, 308 patients were treated with the LMGBP. 149 patients underwent open procedures; 74, hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS); and 85 were operated laparo-scopically. 17% had ≥ 125 mg/dl glycemia, 43% sleep apnea, 38% hyperlipidemia, 12% hyperuricemia, and 58% arterial hypertension under treatment. Results: The mean BMI of 256 pre-operatively normoglycemic patients at 1 year was 29 (range 26-31); 27 (25-30) in 45 patients at 3 years; and 27.5 (26-30) in 12 patients at 5 years. Mean BMI of 53 preoperatively hyperglycemic patients (≥ 125 mg/dl) at 1 year (21 patients) was 32 (29-34), and at 3 years (9 patients), 32.5 (30- 33). 15 patients with preoperative type 2 diabetes under oral treatment required no therapy 3-6 months after surgery. Patients reported considerable appetite reduction with rapid satiety but maintained good nutrition with no supplementation. There was no mortality. Conclusions: Safe and effective sustained weight loss, positive metabolic changes, and appetite diminution with rapid satiety were seen after LMGBP.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Vassallo, C. , Berbiglia, G. and Carena, M. (2010) The Long Magenstrasse with pyloroplasty as functional gastric bypass: 6-years experience, 308 operations. Health, 2, 935-940. doi: 10.4236/health.2010.28138.

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