Cost and Emissions Implications of Coupling Wind and Solar Power

DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2012.34041   PDF   HTML   XML   5,162 Downloads   7,915 Views   Citations

Abstract

We assess the implications on long-run average energy production costs and emissions of CO2 and some criteria pollutants from coupling wind, solar and natural gas generation sources. We utilize five-minute meteorological data from a US location that has been estimated to have both high-quality wind and solar resources, to simulate production of a coupled generation system that produces a constant amount of electric energy. The natural gas turbine is utilized to provide fill-in energy for the coupled wind/solar system, and is compared to a base case where the gas turbine produces a constant power output. We assess the impacts on variability of coupled wind and solar over multiple time scales, and compare this variability with regional demand in a nearby load center, and find that coupling wind and solar does decrease variability of output. The cost analysis found that wind energy with gas back-up has a lower levelized cost of energy than using gas energy alone, resulting in production savings. Adding solar energy to the coupled system increases levelized cost of energy production; this cost is not made up by any reductions in emissions costs.

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S. Blumsack and K. Richardson, "Cost and Emissions Implications of Coupling Wind and Solar Power," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2012, pp. 308-315. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2012.34041.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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