The Pore Structure of Phosphoaluminate Cement

DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2012.23012   PDF   HTML     7,859 Downloads   12,870 Views   Citations

Abstract

The effects of curing time and water-to-cement ratio (W/C) on the pore structure of phosphoaluminate cement (PAC) paste are here presented. Based on the adsorption and condensation theory, the adsorption isotherm of hardened paste was tested using the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) nitrogen adsorption method. The phase composition and morphology of hydration products cured at different times were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and a hydration heat test instrument (HHT) was employed to determine the heat of hydration. The effects of curing time and W/C on the pore structure of PAC are significant. The adsorption isotherm is fitted to the second category based on the Brun-auer- Deming-Deming-Teller (BDDT) classification system. Adsorption volume was found to increase with W/C and then decrease with age. The hysteresis loop of PAC is fitted to the H3 type based on International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) guidelines, and the adsorption volume and area enclosed by the hysteresis loop were found to increase with W/C and then decrease with age. BET surface and saturated adsorbed volume of PAC both increase with W/C and decrease with curing time, which is attributable to the greater hydration that produces and changes the characteristics of the pore structure.

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W. Wang, P. Liu, M. Zhang, J. Hu and F. Xing, "The Pore Structure of Phosphoaluminate Cement," Open Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2012, pp. 104-112. doi: 10.4236/ojcm.2012.23012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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