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Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of NST 37-2 Steel

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DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.103020    39,860 Downloads   65,039 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Engineering materials, mostly steel, are heat treated under controlled sequence of heating and cooling to alter their physical and mechanical properties to meet desired engineering applications. In this study, the effect of heat treatment (annealing, normalising, hardening, and tempering) on the microstructure and some selected mechanical properties of NST 37-2 steel were studied. Sample of steel was purchased from local market and the spectrometry analysis was carried out. The steel samples were heat treated in an electric furnace at different temperature levels and holding times; and then cooled in different media. The mechanical properties (tensile yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, Young’s modulus, percentage reduction, percentage elongation, toughness and hardness) of the treated and untreated samples were determined using standard methods and the microstructure of the samples was examined using metallographic microscope equipped with camera. Results showed that the mechanical properties of NST 37-2 steel can be changed and improved by various heat treatments for a particular application. It was also found that the annealed samples with mainly ferrite structure gave the lowest tensile strength and hardness value and highest ductility and toughness value while hardened sample which comprise martensite gave the highest tensile strength and hardness value and lowest ductility and toughness value.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. Fadare, T. Fadara and O. Akanbi, "Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of NST 37-2 Steel," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 3, 2011, pp. 299-308. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.103020.

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