Simulation and Analysis of a Compact Electronic Infrastructure for DC Micro-Grid: Necessity and Challenges

DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2012.32011   PDF   HTML     5,788 Downloads   10,296 Views   Citations


Complex circuitry of electronic infrastructure of compact micro-grids with multiple renewable energy sources feeding the loads using parallel operation of inverters acts as a deterrent in developing such systems. This paper deals with applicable techniques reducing the driving circuits in parallel power inverters used in micro-grid system (MGS), mainly focused on the distributed generation (DG) in islanded mode. The method introduced in this paper, gives a minimal and compressed circuitry that can be implemented very cost-effectively with simple components. DC micro-grids are proposed and researched for the good connection with DC output type sources such as photovoltaic (PV), fuel cell, and secondary battery. In this paper, the electronic infrastructure of micro-grid is expressed. Then discussed the reasons for its complexity and the possibility of reducing the elements of electronic circuits are investigated. The reason for this is in order to compact DC micro-grid system for electrification to places like villages. Digital Simulation in Matlab Simulink is used to show the effectiveness of this novel driver topology for parallel operating inverters (NDTPI).

Share and Cite:

M. Tavakkoli, A. Radan and H. Hassibi, "Simulation and Analysis of a Compact Electronic Infrastructure for DC Micro-Grid: Necessity and Challenges," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2012, pp. 73-82. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2012.32011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] K. Doran, F. Barnes and P. Pasrich, “Smart Grid Deployment in Colorado Challenges and Opportunities,” 2010.
[3] M. Stadler, H. Aki, R. Firestone, J. Lai, C. Marnay and A. Siddiqui, “Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies,” Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Berkeley, 2008.
[4] C. Marnay, M. Stadler, H. Aki, B. Coffey, R. Firestone, J. Lai and A. Siddiqui, “Microgrid Selection and Operation for Commercial Buildings in California and New York States,” 4th European PV-Hybrid and Mini-Grid Conference, Glyfada, 29-30 May 2008,.
[5] C. Marnay, “Microgrids: An Emerging Paradigm for Meeting Building Electricity and Heat Requirements Efficiently and with Appropriate Energy Quality,” European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy Summer Study, La Colle sur Loup, 1-6 June 2007.
[6] C. Marnay, “Microgrids and Heterogeneous Security, Quality, Reliability and Availability,” Power Conversion Conference, Nagoya, 2-5 April 2007. doi:10.1109/PCCON.2007.373031
[7] “Advanced Architectures and Control Concepts for More Microgrids,” January 2006-December 2009.
[8] Y. W. Li and L. M. Tolbert, “Control and Protection of Power Electronics Interfaced Distributed Generation Systems in a Customer-Driven Microgrid” Power & Energy Society General Meeting, Calgary, 26-30 July 2009, pp. 1-8.
[9] E. Borioli, M. Brenna, R. Faranda and G. Simioli, “A Comparison between the Electrical Capabilities of the Cables Used in LV AC and DC Power Lines,” 11th International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power, New York, 12-15 September 2004, pp. 408-413.
[10] A. Palamar and M. Karpinskyy, “Control of an Uninterruptible Power Supply in a DC Microgrid System,” 10th International Symposium Opical Problems in the Field of Electrical and Power Engineering, P?rnu, 10-15 January 2011, pp. 80-84.
[11] Z. H. Jiang and X. W. Yu, “Hybrid DCand AC-Linked Microgrids: Towards Integration of Distributed Energy Resources,” Energy 2030 Conference, Atlanta, 17-18 November 2008, pp. 1-8.
[12] H. Kakigano, M. Nomura and T. Ise, “Loss Evaluation of DC Distribution for Residential Houses Compared with AC System,” The International Power Electronics Conference, San Luis Potosi, 21-24 June 2010, pp. 480-486.
[13] D. Sabaripandiyan and S. Arul Daniel, “A Comparative Review on Small Scale Integration of Hybrid Fuel Cell and PV Generating System to Utility Network,” International Conference on Industrial and Information Systems, Mangalore, 29 July-1 August 2010, pp. 590-595. doi:10.1109/ICIINFS.2010.5578638
[14] H. Kakigano, Y. Miura, T. Ise and R. Uchida, “DC Voltage Control of the DC Micro-grid for Super High Quality Distribution,” Power Conversion Conference, Nagoya, 25 April 2007, pp. 518-525. doi:10.1109/PCCON.2007.373016
[15] H. Kakigano, M. Nomura and T. Ise, “Loss Evaluation of DC Distribution for Residential Houses Compared with AC System,” International Power Electronics Conference, Sapporo, 21-24 June 2010, pp. 480-486. doi:10.1109/IPEC.2010.5543501
[16] H. Kakigano, Y. Miura, T. Ise, T. Momose and H. Hayakawa, “Fundamental Characteristics of DC microgrid for Residential Houses with Cogeneration System in Each House,” IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting—Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, Pittsburgh, 20-24 July 2008, pp. 1-8.
[17] D. Thukaram, L. Jenkins and K. Visakha, “Optimum Allocation of Reactive Power for voltage Stability Improvement in AC-DC Power Systems,” IEE Proceedings Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 153, No. 2, 2006, pp. 237-246. doi:10.1049/ip-gtd:20045210
[18] K. Fitzgerald, I. Nair and M. Granger, “Electromagnetic Fields: The Jury’s Still Out,” IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 27, No. 8, 1990, pp. 23-35.
[19] H. Kakigano, Y. Miura and T. Ise, “Low Voltage Bipolar Type DC Microgrid for Super High Quality Distribution,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 25, No. 12, 2010, pp. 3066-3075. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2010.2077682
[20] M. H. Rashid, “Power Electronics Handbook,”2nd Edition, Academic Press, Cambridge, 2006, pp. 543-558.
[21] M. A. Tavakkoli, A. Radan and H. Hassibi, “Investigation of Electronic Infrastructure of a Compact Micro Grid with DC Common Bus for Utilizing Multiple Renewable Energy Sources,” The Second Iranian Conference on Renewable Energy and Distributed Generation, Tehran, 6-8 March 2012, pp. 110-115.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.