Causal relationships between physical, mental and social health-related factors among the Japanese elderly: A chronological study


The World Health Organization defines health as a state of physical, mental and social well being. This study was conducted to explore chronological relationships between physical, mental and social factors. Among urban-dwelling elderly aged 65 years and over, data were collected via a self-report questionnaire in 2001 and 2004. The three health-related latent factors were identified with nine measurement variables by an exploratory factor analysis. A structural equation modeling method was used to analyze underlying relationships among the three factors with a cross-lagged model and a synchronous model. A total of 7,683 individuals aged between 65 and 84 years were analyzed. The three-year prior and current physical health significantly affected social health as well as mental health, and this effect appeared to be stronger in males compared to females. Maintenance of physical health may be crucial to support mental and social health among elderly individuals.

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Yuasa, M. , Hoshi, T. , Hasegawa, T. , Nakayama, N. , Takahashi, T. , Kurimori, S. and Sakurai, N. (2012) Causal relationships between physical, mental and social health-related factors among the Japanese elderly: A chronological study. Health, 4, 133-142. doi: 10.4236/health.2012.43021.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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