Anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery: Case series and brief review

DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2012.21013   PDF   HTML     5,566 Downloads   9,560 Views   Citations

Abstract

Anomalous origin of left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital coronary anomaly. In this study, we present all the ALCAPA patients which were admitted at our institution during April 2007-December 2010. Retrospective review of these patients regarding their clinical presentation and the use of diagnostic modalities will be presented in this series. There were total of five patients, three male and 2 female, with age range of 2 - 12 months. The most common symptoms at presentation were tachypnea (4/5) and poor feeding with irritability (3/5). Electrocardiogram was abnormal in 2/5 cases and chest X ray revealed cardiome-galy with pulmonary congestion in 4/5 patients. Echocardiogram showed mitral valve regurgitation in 5/5 cases (3 with moderate and 2 with mild to moderate), Left ventricular dilatation/dysfunction in 4/5 patients, echogenic left ventricular papillary muscles in 4/5 patients and prominent right coronary with strong suspecision of ALCAPA in 4/5 patients. Coronary angiography was performed in 4/5 cases to confirm the diagnosis. We conclude that by thorough clinical assessment along with ECG and CXR, the diagnosis of ALCAPA can be strongly suspected. Echocardiogram can almost always make the diagnosis of ALCAPA and coronary angiography can confirm the diagnosis in rare atypical cases.

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Dilawar, M. and Ahmad, Z. (2012) Anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery: Case series and brief review. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 2, 77-81. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2012.21013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

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