Study of Physicochemical Properties of Some Traditional Vegetables in Ivory Coast: Seeds of Beilschmiedia mannii (Lauraceae), Seeds of Irvingia gabonensis (Irvingiaceae) and Volvariella volvaceae

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DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.31003   PDF   HTML     4,243 Downloads   7,215 Views   Citations

Abstract

Samples of fresh Volvariella volvaceae, dry seeds of Irvingia gabonensis and dry seeds of Beilschmiedia mannii), three traditional vegetables found on the market in Abidjan were studied in relation to their nutrients composition (protein, fat, carbohydrates), energy value, moisture, ash and minerals (Ca, Na, K, Mg, Fe). The results show that: Volvariella vol- vaceae is mushroom distinguished by its high rate of moisture (81% ± 0.530% fresh matter), high carbohydrate content (79.440% ± 0.24% dry matter) and protein content (17.010% ± 0.04% dry matter) very significant. Mineral composition contains more Na (1.880% ± 0.02% dry matter) and K (1.260% ± 0.12% dry matter). Seed of Irvingia gabonensis is rich in lipid (63.610% ± 0.70% dry matter) but it also contains appreciable levels of carbohydrates (23.250% ± 0.17% dry matter), protein (7.230% ± 0. 80% dry matter) and mineral matter (5.910% ± 0, 30% dry matter). These seeds of Irvingia gabonensis contain more K (0.678% ± 0.01% dry matter) and Ca (0.452% ± 0.09% dry matter). Seed of Beil- schmiedia mannii is rich in carbohydrates (92.080% ± 1.20% dry matter), and has a significant protein content (7.160% ± 0.11% dry matter), its mineral composition contains more than K (0.872% ± 0.05% dry matter).

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A. Sahoré, J. Nemlin and A. Tetchi, "Study of Physicochemical Properties of Some Traditional Vegetables in Ivory Coast: Seeds of Beilschmiedia mannii (Lauraceae), Seeds of Irvingia gabonensis (Irvingiaceae) and Volvariella volvaceae," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2012, pp. 14-17. doi: 10.4236/fns.2012.31003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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