Management for the White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) from the Southeastern Gulf of California through Biomass Models Analysis

DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2012.21002   PDF   HTML     4,758 Downloads   9,417 Views   Citations


Samples taken during the closed fishing seasons from 1992 to 2010 were analyzed at sea. These data along with the landing records for the fishing periods from 1992-1993 to 2009-2010 were used to allow the situation of Litopenaeus van-namei from the coasts of Sinaloa and Nayarit to be analyzed by means of stochastic models and by a graphic approach for the surplus biomass. Using the catch from 1993-1994 as a reference point and comparing this to the 2008-2009 catch revealed a stock decrease of about 65%. By taking into account the percentage contribution to total shrimp land-ings, these changes showed a decrease from 76% to 12%. There were changes between 2000 and 2001 when the fleet grew by 50%. Considering a 3600 t maximum sustained yield (MSY) in the series 1992-2010, 50% of the reports are lower. It is necessary to recover the stock.

Share and Cite:

J. Madrid-Vera, D. Herrera, J. Aragón, R. Meraz-Sánchez and J. Rodríguez-Preciado, "Management for the White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) from the Southeastern Gulf of California through Biomass Models Analysis," Open Journal of Marine Science, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 8-15. doi: 10.4236/ojms.2012.21002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] R. R. C. Edwards, “The Fishery and Fisheries Biology of the Penaeid Shrimp on the Pacific Coast of Mexico,” Oceanogra-phy Marine Biology Annual Review, Vol. 16, 1978, pp. 145-180.
[2] A. Menz and A. B. Bowers, “Bionomics of Penaeus Van- namei Boone and P. stylirostris Stimpson in a Lagoon on the Mexican Pacific Coast,” Estuarine, Coastal and Marine Science, Vol. 10 No. 6, 1980, pp. 685-697. doi:10.1016/S0302-3524(80)80096-X
[3] L. D’Croz, F. Chérigo and N. Esquivel. “Observaciones sobre la Biología y Pesca del Camarón Blanco (Penaeus spp.) en el Pacifico de Panamá,” Anales del Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1978, pp. 144-153.
[4] C. R. Poli and J. A. Calderón-Pérez, “Efecto de los Cambios Hidrológicos en la boca del río Baluarte sobre la Inmigración de Postlarvas de Penaeus vannamei Boone y P. stylirostris Stimpson al Sistema Huizachie-Caimanero, Sin. México,” Anales del Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1985, pp. 29-44.
[5] C. R. Poli and J. A. Calderón-Pérez, “A Physical Approach to the Postlarval Penaeus Immigration Mechanism in a Mexican Coastal Lagoon (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae),” Anales del Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Li- mnología Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1987, pp. 147-156.
[6] R. Solis-Ibarra, J. A. Calderón-Pérez and S. Rendón- Rodríguez, “Abundancia de Postlarvas del Camarón Blanco Penaeus vannamei (Decapoda: Penaeidae) en el litoral del Sur de Sinaloa, México, 1984-85,” Revista Bio- logía Tropical, Vol. 41, No. 3, 1993, pp. 573-578.
[7] H. Gardu?o-Argueta and J. A. Calderón-Pérez, “Abundancia y Maduración Sexual de Hembras de Camarón (Penaeus spp.) en la Costa sur de Sinaloa, México,” Ciencias Marinas, Vol. 1, 1994, pp. 27-34.
[8] E. Morales-Bojórquez, J. López-Martínez and S. Her- nández-Vázquez, “Dynamic Catch Effort Model for Brown Shrimp Farfantepenaeus Californiensis (HOLMES) from the Gulf of California, Mexico,” Ciencias Marinas, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2001, pp. 105-124.
[9] J. A. Rosas-Cota, V. M. García-Tirado and J. R. Gonzá- lez-Camacho, “Análisis de la Pesquería de Camarón en Altamar en San Felipe B.C. Durante la Temporada de Pesca 1995-1996,” Boletín CRIP, Inp-Semarnap, Vol. 2, 1996, pp. 23-30.
[10] A. Hernan, “Morphologic and Genetic Characteri-zation of Wild Populations of Shrimp of the Genus Penaeus within the Gulf of California, Mexico: New Social, Political and Management Dilemmas for the Mexican Shrimp Fishery,” University of Arizona, Tucson, 1997.
[11] Instituto Nacional de la Pesca, “Evaluación de la Mig- ración y Reclutamiento de las Poblaciones de Camarón en Aguas Protegidas y en el Frente Costero de Sinaloa y Sonora,” Informe Técnico, CRIP, Guay-mas, 2002.
[12] A. S. Medina and L. A. Soto, “Assessment of the Fishing Effort Level in the Shrimp Fisheries of the Central and Southern Gulf of California,” World Fish Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2003, pp. 16-20.
[13] M. S. Galindo-Bect, E. P. Glenn, H. M. Page, K. Fitzimmons, L. A. Galindo-Bect, J. M. Hernandez-Ayón, R. L. Petty, J. García-Hernández and D. Moore, “Penaeid Sh- rimp Landing in the Upper Gulf of Cali-fornia in Relation to Colorado River Freshwater Discharge,” Fish Bull, Vol. 98, 2000, pp. 222-225.
[14] E. A. Aragón-Noriega and E. Alcántara-Razo, “Influence of Sea Sur-face Temperature on Reproductive Period and Size at Maturity of Brown Shrimp (Farfantepenaeus Californiensis) in the Gulf of California,” Marine Biology, Vol. 146, No. 2, 2005, pp. 373-379. doi:10.1007/s00227-004-1442-3
[15] R. C. Brusca, “Common Intertidal Invertebrates of the Gulf of California,” University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1980.
[16] J. López-Martínez, F. Ar-reguín-Sánchez, S. Hernández- Vázquez, A. García and W. Valenzuela, “Interannual Va- riation of Growth of the Brown Shrimp Farfantepenaeus californiensis and Its Relation to Temperature,” Fisheries Research, Vol. 61, No. 1-3, 2003, pp. 95-105. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(02)00239-4
[17] P. C. Fiedler, “Some Effects of El Ni?o 1983 on the Nor- thern Anchovy,” California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Re-ports, Vol. 25, 1984, pp. 53-58.
[18] T. L. Hayward, “Prelimi-nary Observations of the 1991- 1992 El Ni?o in the California Current,” California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investiga-tions Reports, Vol. 4, 1993, pp. 21-29.
[19] T. L. Hayward, “El ni?o 1997-98 in the Coastal Waters of Southern California: A Timeline of Events,” California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Reports, Vol. 41, 2000, pp. 98-116.
[20] V. J. Madrid and P. Sánchez, “Patterns in Marine Fish Communities as Shown by Artisanal Fisheries Data on the Shelf off Nexpa River, Michoacán, México,” Fisheries Research, Vol. 33, No. 1-3, 1997, pp. 149-158.
[21] R. N. Lea and R. H. Rosenblatt, “Observations on Fishes Associated with the 1997-98 EI Ni?o off California,” California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Reports, Vol. 41, 2000, pp. 117-129.
[22] E. Morales-Bojórquez, V. M. Gómez-Mu?oz, R. Félix- Uraga and R. M. Alvarado-Castillo, “Relationship between the Temperature and Density Independent Mortality of the Pacific Sardine Sadinops Sagas from Western Coast of Baja California Peninsula, Mexico,” Science Marine, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2003, pp. 25-32.
[23] Instituto Nacional de la Pesca, “Sustentabilidad y pesca Responsable en México. Evaluación y Manejo,” INP, SA- GARPA, México, 2001, p. 1111.
[24] G. Rivera-Velázquez, L. A. Soto, I. H. Salgado-Ugarte and E. J. Naranjo, “Growth, Mortality and Migratory Pa- ttern of White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei, Crustacea, Penaeidae) in the Carretas-Pereyra Coastal Lagoon Sy- stem, Mexico,” Revista Biología Tropical, Vol. 56, No. 2, 2008, pp. 523-533.
[25] P. Cervantes-Hernández, M. I. Gallardo-Berumen, S. Ramos-Cruz, M. A. Gómez-Ponce and A. Gracia-Gasca, “Analysis of the Closed Seasons in the Marine Shrimp Exploitation of the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico,” Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía, Vol. 43, No. 2, 2008, pp. 285-294.
[26] G. Rivera-Velázquez, L. A. Soto, I. H. Salgado-Ugarte and E. J. Naranjo, “Assessment of an Artisanal Shrimp Fishery of Litopenaeus Vannamei in a Lagoon-Estuarine System Based on the Concept of Maximum Sustainable Yield,” Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía, Vol. 44, No. 3, 2009, pp. 635-646.
[27] Comisión Nacional de Acuacultura y Pesca, “Anuario Estadístico de Acuacultura y Pesca,” CONAPESCA, SA- GARPA, México, 2008.
[28] Instituto Nacional de Pesca, “Resultados del Análisis de las Poblaciones de Camarón del Litoral del Pacífico para Implementar la Veda durante 2009,” Informe de Inves- tigación, INAPESCA, SAGRAPA, 2009.
[29] R. Hilborn and C. J. Walters, “Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment: Choice, Dynamics and Uncertainty,” Chapham & Hall, New York, 1992.
[30] M. Haddon, “Modelling and Quantitative Methods in Fisheries,” Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2011.
[31] M. B. Schaefer, “Some Aspects of the Dynamics of Populations Important to the Management of Commercial Marine Fisheries,” Bulletin International American Tro- pical Tuna Community, Vol. 1, 1954, pp. 25-56.
[32] T. Polachek, R. Hilborn and A. Punt, “Fitting Surplus Productions Models: Comparing Methods and Measuring Uncertainty,” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 50, 1993, pp. 2597-2607. doi:10.1139/f93-284
[33] M. Haddon, “Modelling and Quantitative Methods in Fisheries,” Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2001.
[34] M. H. Prager, “A Suite of Extensions to a Nonequilibrium Surplus-Production Model,” Fishery Bulletin, Vol. 92, 1994, pp. 374-389.
[35] Instituto Nacional de la Pesca, “Análisis de las Po- blaciones Explotadas de Camarón Durante la Veda del 2004 en el Litoral del Pacífico Mexicano,” Informe de Investigación, INP, SAGARPA, 2004.
[36] Instituto Nacional de la Pesca, “Resultados de los Mue- streos de las Poblaciones de Camarón, durante la Veda del 2007 en el Litoral del Pacífico,” DGIPPN, INP, SAGA- RPA, 2007.
[37] T. A. Branch, O. P. Jensen, D. Ricard, Y. Ye and R. Hilborn, “Contrasting Global Trends in Marine Fishery Status, Obtained from Catches and from Stock Assessments,” Conservation Biology, Vol. 25, No. 4, 2011, pp. 777-786. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01687.x
[38] INAPESCA, “Dictamen de cuota de camarón azul. Manejo Compartido por Cuotas para la Pesquería de Ca- marón azul Litopenaeus stylirostris: modelo Basado en Estructura de Tallas, Temporada 2010/2011 para las Aguas Protegidas, Ribera y alta mar de las Costas de Sinaloa,” INAPESCA, México, 2010.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.