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Spectrophotometric Determination of Lamivudine Using Chloranilic Acid and 2,3-Dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ)

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.27097    5,926 Downloads   10,171 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A spectrophotometric method for the assay of lamivudine in pure form and in dosage form was developed in this study. The method was based on charge-transfer complex formation between the drug, which acted as n-donor while chloranilic acid and 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ) acted as a p-acceptor in a non-aqueous solvent in each case. Chloranilic acid was found to form a charge-transfer complex in a 1:1 stoichiometry with lamuvudine (lamivudine-chloranilic acid) with a maximium absorption band at 521 nm. Also, DDQ was found to form a charge-transfer complex in a 1:1 stoichiometry with lamivudine (lamivudine-DDQ) with a maximium absorption band at 530 nm. The pH was obeyed at acid range. The complexes obeyed Beer’s law at a concentration range of 0.04 - 0.28 mg/ml. The thermodynamic parameters calculated at different temperatures included the molar absorptivity, association constant, free energy change, enthalpy and entropy. The proposed method has been conveniently applied in the analysis of commercially available lamivudine tablet with good accuracy and precision.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

K. Madu, P. Ukoha and A. Attama, "Spectrophotometric Determination of Lamivudine Using Chloranilic Acid and 2,3-Dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ)," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 7, 2011, pp. 849-856. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2011.27097.

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