Share This Article:

Preparation and Characterization of Tetracomponent ZnO/SiO2/SnO2/TiO2 Composite Nanofibers by Electrospinning

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1506KB) PP. 108-112
DOI: 10.4236/aces.2012.21012    6,097 Downloads   12,205 Views   Citations


[Zn(CH3COO)2 + PVP]/[C2H5O)4Si + PVP]/[SnCl4 + PVP]/[Ti(OC4H9)4 + CH3COOH + PVP] precursor composite fibers have been fabricated through self-made electrospinning equipment via electrospinning tech-nique. ZnO/SiO2/SnO2/TiO2 composite nanofibers were obtained by calcination of the relevant precursor composite fibers. The samples were characterized by thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). TG-DTA analysis reveals that solvents, organic compounds and inorganic in the precursor composite fibers are decomposed and volatilized totally, and the mass of the samples kept constant when sintering temperature was above 900?C, and the total mass loss percentage is 88%. XRD results show that the precursor composite fibers are amorphous in structure, and pure phase ZnO/SiO2/SnO2/TiO2 com-posite nanofibers are obtained by calcination of the relevant precursor composite fibers. FTIR analysis manifests that pure inorganic oxides are formed. SEM analysis indicates that the width of the precursor composite fibers is ca. 1.485 ± 0.043 μm. The width of the ZnO/SiO2/SnO2/TiO2 composite nanofibers is ca. 1145.098 ± 68.093 nm.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

C. Song and X. Dong, "Preparation and Characterization of Tetracomponent ZnO/SiO2/SnO2/TiO2 Composite Nanofibers by Electrospinning," Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 108-112. doi: 10.4236/aces.2012.21012.


[1] A. Formhals, “Process and Apparatus for Preparing Artificial Threads,” US Patent No. 1975504, 1934.
[2] H. Y. Wang, Y. Yang, Y. Wang and C. Wang, “Luminescent Properties of Rare-Earth Oxy?uoride Nano?bers Prepared via Electrospinning,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2009, pp. 1522-1525. doi:10.1166/jnn.2009.C193
[3] Y. Liu, J.-X. Wang, et al., “Fabrication of Gd3Ga5O12:Eu3+ Porous Luminescent Nanobelts via Electrospinning,” Che- mical Journal of Chinese Universities, Vol. 31, No. 7, 2010, pp. 1291-1296.
[4] T. H. Ji, F. Yang, Y. Y. Lü, J. Y. Zhou and J. Y. Sun, “Synthesis and Visible-Light Photocatalytic Activity of Bi-Doped TiO2 Nanobelts,” Materials Letters, Vol. 63, No. 23, 2009, pp. 2044-2046. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2009.06.043
[5] Q. Z. Yu, Y. Li and H. Z. Chen, “Polyaniline Nanobelts, Flower-Like and Rhizoid-Like Nanostructures by Electrospinning,” Chinese Chemical Letters, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2008, pp. 223-226. doi:10.1016/j.cclet.2007.12.005
[6] M. A. Kanjwal, N. A. M. Barakat, F. A. Sheikh, M. S. Khil and H. Y. Kim, “Physiochemical Characterizations of Nanobelts Consisting of Three Mixed Oxides (Co3O4, CuO, and MnO2) Prepared by Electrospinning Technique,” Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 43, No. 16, 2008, pp. 5489-5494. doi:10.1007/s10853-008-2835-3
[7] S.-H. Zhang, X.-T. Dong, et al., ”Preparation and Characterization of TiO2@SiO2 Submicron-Scaled Caxial Cables via a Static Electricity Spinning Technique,” Acta Chimica Sinica, Vol. 65, No. 23, 2007, pp. 2675-2679.
[8] Z. Y. Liu, D. D. Sun and J. O. Leckie, “An Efficient Bicomponent TiO2/SnO2 Nanofiber Fabricated by Electrospinning with a Side-by-Side Dual Spinneret Method,” NANO Letters, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2007, pp. 1081-1085. doi:10.1021/nl061898e
[9] V. Senthilkumar and P. Vickraman, “Structural, Optical and Electrical Studies on Nanocrystalline Tin Oxide (SnO2) Thin Films by Electron Beam Evaporation Technique,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 21, No. 6, 2010, pp. 578-583. doi:10.1007/s10854-009-9960-x
[10] K. C. Remant Bahadur, C. K. Kim and I. S. Kim, “Synthesis of Hydroxyapatite Crystals Using Titanium Oxide Electrospun Nanofibers,” Materials Science and Engineering: C, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2008, pp. 70-74. doi:10.1016/j.msec.2006.11.007
[11] B. Ding, H. Kim, M. Khil and S. Park, “Morphology and Crystalline Phase Study of Electrospun TiO2-SiO2 Nanofibers,” Nanotechnology, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2003, pp. 532-537. doi:10.1088/0957-4484/14/5/309
[12] M.-I. Baraton, L. Merhari, J. Z. Wang and K. E. Gonsalves, “Investigation of the TiO2/PPV Nanocomposite for Gas Sensing Applications,” Nanotechnology, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1998, p. 356.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.