Share This Article:

Scleractinian Corals and Reefs of Vietnam as a Part of the Pacific Reef Ecosystem

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1334KB) PP. 50-68
DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2011.12006    5,998 Downloads   14,149 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment


The paper analyzes both published and unpublished results of the investigations of Vietnamese reef building corals and reefs performed in the last decades of the twentieth century and first decades twenty-first. The state of the art in the study of reef-building scleractinian corals and reefs is presented. The scleractinian fauna of Vietnam is shown to match in species diversity (350 species of 80 genera) the tropical coral fauna of the Indonesian–Malacca fertile center, from which Indo-Pacific reef-building corals originated. The whole Vietnam coast from the Gulf of Tonkin to the Gulf of Siam is a biogeographically single whole and is a part of the Indo-Polynesian Province of the Indo-Pacific Area.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Y. Latypov, "Scleractinian Corals and Reefs of Vietnam as a Part of the Pacific Reef Ecosystem," Open Journal of Marine Science, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 50-68. doi: 10.4236/ojms.2011.12006.


[1] T. D. Thanh, “Change in Environment and Ecosystems Relative to the Land-Sea Ineraction in the Vietnam Coastal Zone,” EALOICZ Worshop, Qingdao, 1999, pp. 1-10.
[2] Y. I. Sorokin, “Some Issues of Productivity, Trophology, and Energy Balance of a Coral Reef Ecosystem,” Biologia Morya, No. 6, 1986, pp. 3-14.
[3] N. T. An, “Biological Productivity of Vietnam Marine, Waters, Monography on Vietnam Seas,” Science and Technology Publishing Housing, Ha Noi, 1994, pp. 502-518.
[4] T. N. Dautova, Y. Y. Latypov and S. S. Dautov, “Composition and Structure of the Coral Communities of the Bai Ty Long Archipelago under Different Ecological Conditions,” Biologia Morya, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1999, pp. 106-107.
[5] S. T. Vo and G. Hodgson, “Coral Reefs of Vietnam: Recruitment Limitation and Physical Forcing,” Proceedings of 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, Vol. 1, 1997, pp. 477-482.
[6] R. Sérene, “Inventaires des Invertebres Marine de l’Indochine,” Institute of Oceanography Indochine, Vol. 30, 1937, pp. 3-83.
[7] C. Dawydoff, “Contribution et l’Etude des Invertebres de la Faune Marine Benthique de l’Indochina,” Buletin Biologique de la France et de la Belgique, Vol. 37, 1952, pp. 1-158.
[8] T. N. Loi, “Peuplements Animaux et Vegetaux du Substrat des Intertidal de la Baie de Nha Trang (Vietnam),” Memories Institute of Oceanography, Vol. 11, 1967, pp. 1-236.
[9] C. Cheung, “Vietnam Marine Conservation,” Coastal Management in Tropical Asia, Vol. 4, 1994, pp. 21-23.
[10] Y. Y. Latypov, “Scleractinian Corals of Vietnam. Tham- nasteriidae, Astroceniidae, Pocilloporidae, Dendrophyl- liidae),” Nauka, Moscow, 1990.
[11] Y. Y. Latypov, “Coral Reefs of Vietnam,” Nauka, Moscow, 2007.
[12] Y. Y. Latypov, “Species Composition and Structure of Coral Community of a Platform Reef at Bach Long Vi Island in the South China Sea,” Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2008, pp. 249-253. doi:10.1134/S1063074008040068
[13] L. V. Ken, “The Stony Corals in the Sea of Vietnam, Marine Environment and Resources, (1986-1990),” Scientific and Technic Publishing House, Hanoi, 1991, pp. 127-135.
[14] N. H. Yet, “Characteristic Species and Coral Reef Structures Fishermen Dao (Spratly Islands),” Resources and Marine Environment, Vol. 4, 1997, pp. 299-313.
[15] J. A. Hubbard, “Scleractinian Corals Behavior in Calibrated Carrent Experiment: An Index to Their Distribution Patterns,” Proceeding of 2nd International Coral Reef Symposium, Vol. 2, 1974, pp. 107-126.
[16] M. Pichon, “Dynamic of Benthic Communities in the Coral Reefs of Tule’ar (Madagaskar): Succession and Transformation of the Biotops Trough Reef Tract Evolution,” Proceeding of 2nd International Coral Reef Symposium, Vol. 2, 1974, pp. 55-68.
[17] Y. Loya, “The Red Sea Coral Stylophora Pistillata is an Rstrategist,” Nature, Vol. 259, 1976, pp. 478-480. doi:10.1038/259478a0
[18] Y. Y. Latypov, “Community Structure of Scleractinian Reefs in the Baitylong Archipelago (South China Sea),” Asian Marine Biology, Vol. 12, 1995, pp. 27-37.
[19] Y. Y. Latypov, “Coral Reefs of the Gulf of Tonkin,” Vestnik DVO RAN, No. 2, 1997, pp. 92-98.
[20] S. A. Wainwright, “Reef Communities Visited by the Israel South Red Expedition, 1962,” Bulletin of Sea Fishery Research. Station, Vol. 8, 1965, pp. 40-53.
[21] Y. Y. Latypov, “Species Composition and Distribution of Scleractinians in Reefs of the Khanh Hoa Province (South Vietnam),” Biologia Morya, No. 6, 1982, pp. 5-12.
[22] B. V. Preobrazhenskii, “Sovremennye Rify,” Nauka, Mos- cow, 1986.
[23] Y. Y. Latypov, “Coral Communities of the Namsu Islands (Gulf of Siam, South China Sea),” Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 29, 1986, pp. 261-270. doi:10.3354/meps029261
[24] Y. Y. Latypov, “Scleractinian Corals of South Vietnam,” The Soviet Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 13, No. 5, 1987, pp. 246-252.
[25] N. H. Yet and L. V. Ken, “Some Data on Species Composition and Distribution of Scleractinian Corals in Ha Long Bay,” Journal of Biology, Vol. 18, 1996, pp. 7-13.
[26] Y. I. Sorokin, “Ecosystems of Coral Reefs,” Nauka. Moscow, 1990
[27] Y. Y. Latypov, “Reef-Building Corals of Vietnam as a Part of the Indo-Pacific Reef Ecosystem,” Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 31, Supplement 1, 2005, pp. S34-S40. doi:10.1007/s11179-006-0013-5
[28] Y. Y. Latypov and N. I. Selin, “Coral Communities of Barrier Reefs of Vietnam,” Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2008, pp. 143-150. doi:10.1134/S1063074008030012
[29] Y. Y. Latypov, “Reef-Building Corals and Reefs of Vietnam: 1. The Gulf of Thailand,” Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 29, Supplement 1, 2003, pp. S22-S33. doi:10.1023/B:RUMB.0000011714.71499.75
[30] Y. Y. Latypov, “Reef-Building Corals and Reefs of Vietnam: 2. The Gulf of Tonkin,” Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 29, Supplement 1, 2003, pp. S34-S45. doi:10.1023/B:RUMB.0000011715.09137.b0
[31] Y. Y. Latypov and P. Q. Long, “The Common Hard Corals of Vietnam,” Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, 2010.
[32] S. T. Vo, N. H. Yet and P. M. Alino, “Coral and Coral Reefs in the North of Spratly Archipelago the Results of RP-VN JOMSRE-SCS 1996,” Proceeding of Scientific Conference on Philippines-Vietnam JOMSRE 1996, Hamoi, 22-23 April 1997, pp. 87-101.
[33] World Wildlife Fund, “Vietnam Marine Conservation Southern Survey Team,” Survey Report on the Biodiversity Resourse Utilization and Conservation Potential of Coto Islands, Switzerland, 1994.
[34] M. B. Best, B. W. Hoeksema, W. Moka, et al., “Recent Scleractinian Corals Species Collected during the Snellius-II Expedition in Eastern Indonesia,” Netherland Journal of Sea Research, Vol. 23, No. 2, 1989, pp. 107-115.
[35] J. E. N. Veron and G. Hodgson, “Annotated Checklist of the Hermatypic Corals of the Philippines,” Pacific Science, Vol. 43, No. 3, 1989, pp. 234-287.
[36] J. E. N. Veron, “Corals in Space and Time: The Biogeography and Evolution of the Scleractinia,” Australian Institute of Marine Sciences, Townsville, 1995, p. 321.
[37] J. E. N. Veron and L. M. Marsh, “Records and Annotated Check List of the Hermatypic Corals of Western Australia,” Records of the Western Australia Museum, 1988, p. 29.
[38] Y. Y. Latypov, “Benthic Communities of Coral Reefs of Tho Chu Island (Gulf of Siam, South China Sea),” Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 25, No. 3, 1999, pp. 233-241.
[39] Y. Y. Latypov, “Macrobenthos Communities on Reefs of the an Thoi Archipelago of the South China Sea,” Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2000, pp. 18-26. doi:10.1007/BF02759489
[40] K. Sakai, T. Yeemin, A. Svidvong, et al., “Distribution and Community Structure of Germatypic Corals in the Sichang Islands, Inner Part of the Gulf of Thailand,” Galaxea, Vol. 5, 1986, pp. 27-74.
[41] H. Mergner, “Quantitative Okologische Analyse Eines Rifflagunenareals bei Agaba (Golf von Agaba, Rotes Meer),” Helgoland Wissenschsft Meeresuntersuch, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1979, pp. 476-507. doi:10.1007/BF02277991
[42] S. Dollar, “Wave Stress and Coral Community Structure in Hawaii,” Coral Reefs, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1982, pp. 71-81. doi:10.1007/BF00301688
[43] C. F. Dai, “Patterns of Coral Distribution and Benthic Space Partitioning on the Fringing Reefs of Southern Taiwan,” Marine Ecology, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1993, pp. 185-204. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0485.1993.tb00479.x
[44] W. D. Liddel and S. L. Ohlhorst, “Patterns of Reef Coral Community Structure. North Jamaica,” Bulletin of Biology, Vol. 40, 1987, pp. 311-329.
[45] Y. Y. Latypov, “Reefs and Communities of Sclerac- tinians of the Island (South Vietnam),” In: Biology of Coastal Waters of Vietnam: Hydrobiological Investiga- tions of Intertidal and Subtidal Zones of South Vietnam, DVO AN SSSR, Vladivostok, 1988, pp. 11-19.
[46] Y. Loya, “Effects of Water Turbidity and Sedimentation on the Community Structure of Puerto Rican Corals,” Bulletin Marine Sciences, Vol. 26, No. 4, 1976, pp. 450-466.
[47] J. W. Porter, “Autotrophy, Heterotrophy and Recourses Partitioning in Caribbean Reef-Building Corals,” American Naturalist, Vol. 110, No. 975, 1976, pp. 731-742. doi:10.1086/283100
[48] T. Tomascik and F. Sander, “Effect of Eutrophication on Reef-Building Corals. 3. Reproduction of the Reef- Building Coral Porites Porites,” Marine Biology, Vol. 94, No. 1, 1987, pp. 77-94.doi:10.1007/BF00392901
[49] B. V. Preobrazhenskii, “Morphology and Paleoecology of Tabulate Corals,” Nauka, Moscow, 1982
[50] Y. Y. Latypov, “Benthic Communities of the Corals Reef of the Kondao Islands in the South China Sea,” Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 20, No. 3, 1994, pp. 136-143.
[51] S. Ekman, “Zoogeography of the Sea,” Sidgwik and Jackson, London, 1953.
[52] E. G. Stehli and I. W. Wells, “Diversity and Age Patterns in Hermatypic Corals,” Systematic Zoology, Vol. 20, No. 20, 1971, pp. 115-126. doi:10.2307/2412052
[53] A. N. Malyutin and Yu. Ya. Latypov, “Distribution of Corals and Biogeographic Zonation of the Shelf of Vietnam,” Biologia Morya, No. 4, 1991, pp. 26-35.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.