Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate on the Composition of Electroless Nickel – Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Coatings
Nkem O. Nwosu, Alan M. Davidson, Colin S. Hindle
DOI: 10.4236/aces.2011.13018   PDF    HTML     8,080 Downloads   17,618 Views   Citations


The influence of a surfactant on the composition of nickel – yttria stabilised zirconia (YSZ) cermet coatings, applied by electroless nickel plating technique was examined. The amphiphilic characteristics of anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), was relied upon for enhanced dispersion of YSZ particles co-deposited for use as anodes in solid oxide fuel cell technology and potential heat absorbing layers in thermal barrier coatings. Optical microscopy was employed to study the correlation between the plating thickness, level of ceramic loading and SDS concentration while the effect of the surfactant and fineness of YSZ particles on the as-deposited coating’s ceramic to metal ratio, was analysed using energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) characterisation technique.

Share and Cite:

N. Nwosu, A. Davidson and C. Hindle, "Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate on the Composition of Electroless Nickel – Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Coatings," Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2011, pp. 118-124. doi: 10.4236/aces.2011.13018.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] G. O. Mallory and J. B. Hajdu, “Electroless Plating: Fun-damentals and Applications,” William Andrew Pub-lishing, Burlington, 1990.
[2] A. Brenner and G. Riddel, “Nickel Plating on Steel by Chemical Reduction,” US Patent 2532282, 1950.
[3] R. C. Agarwala and V. Agarwala, 2003, “Electroless Alloy/Composite Coatings: A Review,” Sadhana, Vol. 28, No. 3-4, 2003, pp. 475-493. doi:10.1007/BF02706445
[4] J. M. Odekerken, “Use of Co-Deposited Non-Conducting Materials to Improve the Corrosion Resistance of Nickel- Chromium Electrodeposits,” British Patent 1041753, U.S. Patent 3644183 and DDR Patent 414061964.
[5] G. Sheela and M. Pushpavanam, “Diamond-Dispersed Electroless Nickel Coatings,” Journal of Metal finishing, Vol. 100, No. 1, 2002, pp. 45-47.
[6] A. Davidson and W. Waugh, “Method of Manufacture of an Electrode for a Fuel Cell,” World intellectual Property Organisation Patent No. O/2009/044144, 2009.
[7] N. Nwosu, A. Davidson and W. Waugh, “Characterisa-tion of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes Manufactured by Traditional and Novel (Low Cost) Techniques,” Proceed- ings of the First International Conference on Materials for Energy, Karlsruhe, 4-8 July 2010, pp. 81-85.
[8] J. Mizusaki, S. Tsuchiya, K. Waragai, H. Tagawa, A. Yoshihidi and Y. Kuwayama, “Simple Mathematical Model for the Electrical Conductivity of Highly Porous Ceramics,” Journal of American Ceramic Society, Vol. 79, No. 1, 1996, pp. 109-113. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.1996.tb07887.x
[9] W. Dees, T.D. Claar, T.E. Easler, D.C. Fee and F.C. Mrazek, “Conductivity of Porous Ni/ZrO2-Y2O3 Cer-mets,” Journal of Electrochemical Society, Vol. 134, No. 9, 1987, pp. 2141-2146. doi:10.1149/1.2100839
[10] T. Iwata, “Characterization of Ni-YSZ Anode Degradation for Substrate-Type Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” Journal of Electrochemical Society, Vol. 143, No. 5, 1996, pp. 1521- 1525. doi:10.1149/1.1836673
[11] R. Bauri, “Development of Ni-YSZ Cermet Anode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by Electroless Ni Coating,” Jour-nal of Coating Technology and Research, 2009. doi:10.1007/s11998-009-9223-z
[12] Y. Rao, A. Takahashi and C. P. Wong, “Di-block Co-polymer Surfactant Study to Optimize Filler Dispersion in High Dielectric Constant Polymer-Ceramic Composite,” Journal of Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Vol. 34, No. 11, 2003, pp. 1113-1116. doi:10.1016/S1359-835X(03)00202-1
[13] L. Gabrieson and M. J. Edirisinghe, “On the Dispersion of Fine Ceramic Powders in Polymers,” Journal of Materials Science Letters, Vol. 15, No. 13, 1996, pp. 1105-1107. doi:10.1007/BF00539950
[14] M.-D. Ger and B. J. Hwang, “Effect of Surfactants on Co-Deposition of PTFE Particles with Electroless Ni-P Coating,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 76, No. 1, 2002, pp. 38-45. doi:10.1016/S0254-0584(01)00513-2
[15] Y. C. Wu, G. H. Li and L. Zhang, B. Yan, “Study on Constitution and Wear Resistance of Nickel Phosphorus Alloy-Silicon Carbide Composite Coatings,” Materials Research and Advanced Techniques, Vol. 91, 2000, pp. 788-793.
[16] R. Elansezhian, B. Ramamoorthy and P.K. Nair, “The Influence of SDS and CTAB Surfactants on the Surface Morphology and Surface Topography of Electroless Ni-P Deposits,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 209, No. 1, 2009, pp. 33-240. doi:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2008.01.057
[17] B. C. Tripathy, S. C. Das., G. T. Hefter and P. Singh, “Electro Winning from Acidic Sulphate Solution. Part 1. Effects of SLS,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, Vol. 27, No. 6, 1997, pp. 673-674. doi:10.1023/A:1018431619595
[18] K. Karuppusamy and R. Anantharam, “Pit-Free Nickel Electroplating,” Metal finishing, Vol. 90, No. 13, 1992, pp. 15-19.
[19] G. Gutzeit, “Catalytic Nickel Deposition from Aqueous Solution. I-IV,” Plating surface finishing, Vol. 46, 1959, pp. 1158-1164, 1275-1278, 1377-1378.
[20] K. Haga, Y. Shiraton, Y. Nojiri, K. Ito and K. Sasaki, “Phosphorus Poisoning of Ni-Cermet Anodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” Journal of Electrochemical Society, Vol. 157, No. 11, 2010, pp. 1693-1700. doi:10.1149/1.3489265
[21] A. Tsoga, A. Naoumidis and P. Nikolopoulos, “Wettabil-ity and Interfacial Reactions in the Systems Ni/YSZ and Ni/Ti-TiO2/YSZ,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 44, No. 9, 1996, pp. 3679-3692. doi:10.1016/1359-6454(96)00019-5
[22] J. N. Balaraju, T. S. N. Sankara Narayanan and S. K. Seshadri, “Electroless Ni-P Composite Coatings,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, Vol. 33, No. 9, 2003, pp. 807 -816. doi:10.1016/1359-6454(96)00019-5
[23] N. B. Baba, W. Waugh and A. Davidson, “Manufacture of Electroless Nickel/YSZ Composite Coatings,” Proceed-ings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 49, 2009, pp. 715-720.
[24] J. W. Dini, “Electrodeposition: The Materials Science of Coatings and Substrates,” William Andrew publishing, Noyes, 1993, p. 336.
[25] A. Grosjean, M. Rezrazi and M. Tachez, “Study of the Surface Charge of Silicon Carbide (SIC) Particles for Electroless Composite Deposits: Nickel-SIC,” Surface and Coating technology, Vol. 96, No. 2-3, 1997, pp. 300- 304.
[26] J.E. Newberry, “Surface Interactions of Micelles and Divalent Metal ions,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 74, No. 2, 1979, pp. 483-488. doi:10.1016/0021-9797(80)90217-9
[27] P.G. Muijselaar, K. Otsuka and S. Terabe, “Micelles as Pseudo-Stationary Phases in Micellar Electrokinetic Chromatography,” Journal of Chromatography, Vol. 780, No. 1, 1997, pp. 41-61. doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00632-8
[28] S. Su, Y. L. Chen and C. Y. Mou, “Micelle-Counterion Interaction, I. Critical Micelle Concentrations of SDS under the Influence of Copper Counterion,” Journal of Chinese Chemical Society, Vol. 32, No. 1, 1985, pp. 5-10.
[29] A.M. Alsari, K.C. Khulbe and T. Matsuura, “The Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Solutions as Gelation Media on the Formation of PES Membranes,” Journal of Mem-brane Science, Vol. 188, No. 2, 2001, pp. 279-293. doi:10.1016/S0376-7388(01)00395-7

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.