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Contamination of Environment with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in India

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.611111    2,955 Downloads   3,506 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Environment in India is contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) due to occurring of large anthropogenic activities i.e. fuel combustion, mineral roasting and biomass burning. Hence, contamination of 13 toxic PAHs: phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, benz (a) anthracene, ben-zo (b) fluoranthene, benzo (k) fluoranthene, benzo (a) pyrene, benzo (ghi) perylene, dibenz (ah) anthracene, indeno1,2,3-(cd) pyrene, coronene and coronene in the environment (i.e. ambient particulate matter, road dust, sludge and sewage) of the most industrialized area: Raipur city, India is described. The ΣPAH13 concentration in the 16 environment materials was ranged from 7980 - 1,051,300 μg/kg with mean value of 172,613 ± 154,726 μg/kg. The concentration variations, toxicities and sources of the PAHs in various environmental compartments are discussed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Patel, K. , Ramteke, S. , Naik, Y. , Sahu, B. , Sharma, S. , Lintelmann, J. and Georg, M. (2015) Contamination of Environment with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in India. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 1268-1278. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.611111.

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