Any Resource Sharing via HWN* Routing


In this paper we present an adaptive distributed cross-layer routing algorithm (ADCR) for hybrid wireless network with dedicated relay stations (HWN*). To support versatile multimedia communication for Mobile Terminals (MTs), the HWN* integrates a cellular network, an ad hoc network and fixed relay nodes (RNs). A MT may borrow cellular data channels that are available thousands mile away via secure multi-hop RNs, where RNs are placed at flexible locations in the network. The MT can also communicate with each other or access internet ubiquitously. We discuss cross media access and network layers routing issues. The ADCR establishes routing paths across RNs or cellular network while providing appropriate QoS (quality of service). Through simulation, we verify the routing performance benefits of HWN* over conventional cellular systems and other hybrid network frameworks. It is anticipated that the simulation results reported in this paper will serve as a guideline for research based on distributed source routing involving heterogeneous wireless technologies.

Share and Cite:

SHEN, C. , REA, S. and PESCH, D. (2008) Any Resource Sharing via HWN* Routing. International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 1, 36-48. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2008.11006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] R. Beck and H. Panzer, “Strategies for Handover and Dynamical Channel Allocation in Micro-Cellular Mobile Radio Telephone Systems”, IEEE Trans., on Vehicular Tech., vol.1, pp.178-185, 1989.
[2] A. Goldsmith and S. B. Wicker, “Design Challenges for Energy-constrained Ad hoc Wireless Networks”, IEEE Wireless Comms., vol. 9, No. 4, Aug. 2002.
[3] C. Shen, D. Pesch and J. Irvine, “A Framework for Self-Management of Hybrid Wireless Networks Using Autonomic Computing Principles”, In Proc. IEEE CNSR, Halifax, Canada, May, 2005.
[4] E. Setton and T. Yoo et. all, “Cross-Layer Design of Ad Hoc Networks for Real-Time Video Streaming,” IEEE Wireless Comms. Magazine, pp. 59-67 Aug., 2005.
[5] WINNER, D4.3: Identification, definition and assessment of cooperation schemes between RANs, Final deliverable, IST-2003-50758, June 2005.
[6] C. Murthy and B. Manoj, Ad Hoc Wireless Networks: Architectures and Protocols, PRENTICE HALL, New Jersey, 2004.
[7] H.Y. Hsieh and R. Sivakumar, “Performance Comparison of Cellular and Multi-hop Wireless Networks: A Quantitative Study”, in Proc., ACM SIGMETRICS, June, 2001.
[8] B.S. Manoj and K.J. Kumar, “On the Use of Multiple Hops in Next Generation Wireless Systems”, Springer Science Wireless Networks, Dec., 2006.
[9] G. Stuber, Principlse of Mobile Communications, KAP, 1996.
[10] Omnet++ Discrete Event Simulation System,
[11] 3GPP, UTRAN overall description, Technical Specification TS 25.401,
[12] A. Zemlianov and G. Veciana, “Capacity of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks With Infrastructure Support”, IEEE Journal on Comms., Vol. 23, No. 3, Mar. 2005.
[13] H. Hu and K. Yanikomeroglu, “Performance Analysis of Cellular Networks with Digital Fixed Relays”, Carleton University, 2006.
[14] B. Zhang and H. Mouftah, “QoS Routing for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: Problems, Algorithms, and Protocols”, IEEE Comms., Magazine, Oct., 2006.
[15] A. Acharya, A. Misra and S. Bansal, “A Label-switching Packet Forwarding Architecture for Multi-hop Wireless Lans”, In proc. ACM. WoWMoM, Atlanta, Sep. 2002.
[16] C. Shen, D. Pesch and J. Irvine, “Distributed Dynamic Channel Allocation with Fuzzy Model Selection”, ITT Conference, Limerick, Ireland, Oct. 2004.
[17] K. Murray, Admission and Handover Management fro Multi-Service Heterogeneous Wireless Access Networks, Ph.D Thesis, Cork Institute of Technology, Ireland, 2005.
[18] Ali N. Zadeh et all, “Self-Organizing Packet Radio Ad Hoc Networks with Overlay (SOPRANO)”, IEEE Coms. Magazine, June, 2002.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.