Share This Article:

Review on People’s Lifestyle and Energy Consumption of Asian Communities: Case Study of Indonesia, Thailand, and China

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:363KB) PP. 465-476
DOI: 10.4236/epe.2015.710045    3,962 Downloads   4,481 Views   Citations


This paper focuses on the residential housing performance and people’s lifestyle in terms of energy use. The research has to be continuously study in order to change the Asian people’s lifestyle moving toward the low energy consumption. The research began with collecting data by questionnaires which already distributed to some cities of some countries in Asia. In this paper, we conducted review of energy behavior in housing of three different countries, Indonesia, China, and Thailand. Through questionnaire surveys distributed to more than 600 households, we revealed the housing unit characteristics, household characteristics, ownership of domestic electrical appliances, use of indoor thermal equipment, and monthly energy use. Based on questionnaire results from all households in the seven districts, we conducted statistical analyses to find the major factors influencing the energy use in households. Finally, the research results will be used to indicate the energy use and develop an idea for energy conservation in Asian countries. For further studies, the researchers also try to discover the new way of changing the people’s lifestyle in terms of energy consumption.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Novianto, D. , Gao, W. and Kuroki, S. (2015) Review on People’s Lifestyle and Energy Consumption of Asian Communities: Case Study of Indonesia, Thailand, and China. Energy and Power Engineering, 7, 465-476. doi: 10.4236/epe.2015.710045.


[1] (2009) Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of Republic Indonesia.
[2] Ning, Y.D., Tonooka, Y. and Zhao, X., et al. (2008) Analysis on Trends of Urban Housing Energy Consumption in Shanghai. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Building Energy and Environment, Dalian, 412-419.
[3] (2008) The World Fact Book. CIA.
[4] National Statistical Office, The Survey of Household Energy Consumption by 2008-2009, Thailand.
[5] Nakagami, H. (1997) Appliance Standards in Japan. Energy and Buildings, 26, 69-79.
[6] Kagajo, T. and Nakamura, S. (1997) Analysis of Household Energy Consumption Trends Based on the Standard Models of Family Pattern. Energy Economics, 11-29.
[7] Nomura, N. and Ohya, H. (2000) Interrelationship of Household Electricity Consumption and Family Member Ages. Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy, 80, 727-735.
[8] Tsurusaki, T., Murakoshi, C. and Yokoo, M. (2000) Measurement and Analysis of Residential Energy Consumption in Hokkaido. Proceeding of the Conference on Energy, Economy and Environment, 417-422.
[9] Fong, W.K., Matsumoto, H., Lun, Y.F. and Kimura, R. (2007) Influences of Indirect Lifestyle Aspects and Climate on Household Energy Consumption. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 6, 395-402.
[10] Yu, L., Watanabe, T., Yoshino, H. and Gao, W. (2008) Research on Energy Consumption of Urban Apartment Buildings in China. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 73, 183-190.
[11] Chen, S., Yoshino, H. and Li, N. (2010) Statistical Analyses on Summer Energy Consumption Characteristics of Residential Buildings in Some Cities of China. Energy and Buildings, 42, 136-146.
[12] Lam, J.C. (1996) An Analysis of Residential Sector Energy Use in Hongkong. Energy, 21, 1-8.
[13] Long, W.D., Zhong, T. and Zhang, B.H. (2003) Situation and Trends of Residential Building Environment Services in Shanghai. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning, Beijing, 9-11 October 2003, 493-498.
[14] Tso, G.K.F. and Yau, K.K.W. (2003) A Study of Domestic Energy Use Pattern in Hongkong. Energy, 28, 1671-1682.
[15] Yoshino, H. and Lou, H. (2002) Indoor Thermal Environment of Residential Buildings in Three Cities of China. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 1, 129-136.
[16] Ogawa, Y., Gao, W., Zhou, N., Watanabe, T., Yoshino, H. and Ojima, T. (2005) Investigation on the Standard for Energy and Environmental Design of Residential House in China. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 4, 253-258.
[17] Wei, X., Xuan, J., Yin, J., Gao, W., Batty, B. and Matsumoto, T. (2006) Prediction of Residential Building Energy Consumption in Jilin Province, China. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 5, 407-412.
[18] Quyang, J., Gao, L., Yan, Y., Hokao, K. and Ge, J. (2009) Effects of Improved Consumer Behavior on Energy Conservation in the Urban Residential Sector of Hangzhou, China. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 8, 243-249.
[19] Hubacek, K., Feng, K. and Chen, B. (2012) Changing Lifestyles towards a Low Carbon Economy: An IPAT Analysis for China. Energies, 5, 22-31.
[20] Kang, H.J. and Rhee, E.K. (2012) A Development of Energy Load Prediction Equation for Multi-Residential Buildings in Korea. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 11, 383-389.
[21] Yoo, J.H. and Kim, K.H. (2014) Development of Methodology for Estimating Electricity Use in Residential Sectors Using National Statistics Survey Data from South Korea. Energy and Buildings, 75, 402-409.
[22] Wood, G. and Newborough, M. (2003) Dynamic Energy-Consumption Indicators for Domestic Appliances: Environment, Behavior and Design. Energy and Buildings, 35, 821-841.
[23] Diamond, R. (2003) A Lifestyle-Based Scenario for US Buildings: Implications for Energy Use. Energy Policy, 31, 1205-1211.
[24] Brounen, D., Kok, N. and Quigley, J.M. (2012) Residential Energy Use and Conservation: Economics and Demographics. European Economic Review, 56, 931-945.
[25] Haas, R., Auer, H. and Biermayr, P. (1998) The Impact of Consumer Behavior on Residential Energy Demand for Space Heating. Energy and Buildings, 27, 195-205.
[26] Linden, A.L., Kanyama, A.C. and Eriksson, B. (2006) Efficient and Inefficient Aspects of Residential Energy Behavior: What Are the Policy Instruments for Change? Energy Policy, 34, 1918-1927.
[27] Olexsak, S.J. and Meier, A. (2014) The Electricity Impacts of Earth Hour: An International Comparative. Energy Research & Social Science, 2, 159-182.
[28] Leighty, W. and Meier, A. (2011) Accelerated Electricity Conservation in Juneau, Alaska: A Study of Household Activities That Reduced Demand 25%. Energy Policy, 39, 2299-2309.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.