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Studies of Oxide Layers Grown at 260°C on A106 B Carbon Steel in Aqueous Medium with Ethanolamine or Morpholine

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DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.69080    2,998 Downloads   3,289 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The water chemistry of the secondary coolant in the majority of Nuclear Power Plants is controlled by AVT (All Volatile Treatment), wherein volatile amines are used to maintain the alkaline pH required for minimizing the corrosion of structural materials which one of them is Carbon Steel. In this treatment, ammonia, morpholine and ethanolamine are commonly used as conditioning reagents. In this context, experiments were carried out by exposing carbon steel A106 B samples in a simulated secondary coolant in order to study the nature of the oxide films. The tests were performed in a static autoclave at 260°C using two media: I) hydrazine + morpholine and II) hydrazine + ethanolamine during different exposure periods up to 1020 h. The oxide film characterization was mainly studied using Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray diffraction. A chemical descaling procedure was used to obtain the material weight loss (W) of samples, the adherent and released oxide. The XRD analyses, for all exposures studied, showed that magnetite was the corrosion product formed in the films grown in both media. The material weight loss, after descaling, could be fitted by a law of the type W = ktn, up to 1020 h of exposure tested, resulting in n = 0.42, k = 6.24 for films grown in medium I) and n = 0.39, k = 6.08 for films grown in medium II) respectively (W is in mg/dm2 and t in h). The higher corrosion product release measured in the medium with morpholine could be important in power plant operation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Olmedo, A. and Bordoni, R. (2015) Studies of Oxide Layers Grown at 260°C on A106 B Carbon Steel in Aqueous Medium with Ethanolamine or Morpholine. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 783-791. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.69080.

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