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Prevalence of Neural Tube Defects: Moroccan Study 2008-2011

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DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53038    3,982 Downloads   4,376 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Neural tube defects have a considerable importance because they can be prevented by supplementing Folic acid & Vitamin B12 during periconceptional period and fortification of staple foods. In Morocco, the Ministry of Health launched a national program for fortification of flour with folic acid. Our goal should be to evaluate the prevalence of neural tube defects after fortification. Description: This is a retrospective descriptive at the National Reference Centre for Nutrition and Neonatology of the Children’s Hospital of Rabat over 4 years. Data were identified from the registry of congenital malformations held at the perinatology unit. Results: During the 4 years, 674 congenital malformations were identified. The neural tube defects NTDs account for 11.9%. Their annual prevalence decreased significantly from 21.78 in 2008 to 12.1 per 10,000 total births in 2011. The most common form was anencephaly (60%). Neural tube defects were isolated in 85% of cases and associated with other malformations in 15% of cases. 49.4% of infants with neural tube defects were female and 50.6% were male. Perinatal mortality in newborns with neural tube defects was 63.8% versus 25.2% in malformed newborns without neural tube defects. Conclusions: The neural tube defects seem to be common in our context. Permanent epidemiological surveillance is needed to determine the true prevalence at the national as well as its temporal trends level.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Radouani, M. , Chahid, N. , Benmiloud, L. , Ammari, L. , Kharbach, A. , Rjimati, L. , Acharrai, L. , Lahlou, K. , Aguenaou, H. and Barkat, A. (2015) Prevalence of Neural Tube Defects: Moroccan Study 2008-2011. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 5, 248-255. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53038.

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