Evaluation of Anxiety and Depression in Caregivers of Patients Affected by Alzheimer’s Disease
Anna Vespa1*, Maria Velia Giulietti2, Marica Ottaviani3, R. Spatuzzi4, F. Merico5, Guido Gori6, Olimpia Claudia Rossi3, L. Paciaroni3, Giuseppe Pelliccioni3, Pietro Scendoni7, Cristina Meloni8
1Department of Neurology, INRCA-IRCCS Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Ancona, Italy.
2Unity of Neurology, INRCA-National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Ancona, Italy.
3Department of Neurology, INRCA-IRCCS National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Ancona, Italy.
4U.O.C. Hospice/Palliative care Departments, A.O.R. San Carlo di Potenza, Italy.
5Hospice Casa di Betania Palliative Care Center, Lecce, Italy.
6Director Day Alzheimer Center “Le Civette”, ASL-Florence, Italy.
7Department of Rheumatology, INRCA-IRCCS National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Fermo, Italy.
8INRCA-IRCCS National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Ancona, Italy.
DOI: 10.4236/aad.2015.42003   PDF   HTML   XML   4,648 Downloads   6,950 Views   Citations


Background: Many studies have been underlined as care giving for people with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is highly stressful and has significant negative consequences, such as anxiety and depression. Objective: The specific aim of our study is to establish whether a difference exists in the prevalence of depression of family caregivers of Alzheimer’s disease patients and healthy subjects not caregiver. Methods: Study group (n = 60) consists of caregivers of patients affected by Alzheimer’s disease, whereas control group (n = 120) consists of healthy individuals who are not care giving (from at least 5 years). All the subjects were subdivided on the basis of the following independent variables: sex, age, marital status and educational level. The subjects of study and control groups studied have filled in the following tests: IPAT CDQ e IPAT ASQ Tests by Cattell which describe depression and anxiety. Such tests have been validated on the adult and elderly Italian population. Statistical analysis: Student t test has been applied for the comparison between experimental and control groups. Results: The caregivers show higher levels of anxiety (medium to high, P < 0.001) and depression in comparison to the group of control (medium to high, P < 0.001). This result indicates the caregiver shows serious depression. Conclusions: The high levels of depression and anxiety suggest the following considerations: interventions of social and psychological support are fundamental not only to maintain the patient in the family nucleus but also to maintain the caregiver’s psychological health.

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Vespa, A. , Giulietti, M. , Ottaviani, M. , Spatuzzi, R. , Merico, F. , Gori, G. , Rossi, O. , Paciaroni, L. , Pelliccioni, G. , Scendoni, P. and Meloni, C. (2015) Evaluation of Anxiety and Depression in Caregivers of Patients Affected by Alzheimer’s Disease. Advances in Alzheimer's Disease, 4, 15-20. doi: 10.4236/aad.2015.42003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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