Share This Article:

Is There a Correlation between Body Weight and Awareness of Healthy Life Style Components in Children?

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:242KB) PP. 49-55
DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.51010    2,951 Downloads   3,438 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Incidence of obesity in children is increasing worldwide. Healthy eating and exercise are the major components of a healthy life style in the community. Objective: we aim to assess the knowledge of healthy eating and exercise in children of varying weight and to explore the correlation between knowledge and bodyweight. Method: School children are invited to fill in a 2 questions quiz about healthy life style. BMI is calculated and children are classified into obese, overweight, normal and underweight. Answers are scored and results compared for different categories of the BMI. Results: 445 children participated. Age range (mean) was 7 - 13 (10) years. 67 were obese, 59 overweight, 237 normal weight and 34 were underweight. In the food question, 22%, 20%, 23% 15% of obese, overweight, underweight and normal weight children respectively gave wrong answers compared to 17.5%, 15% and 14.7%, 13.3% for the exercise question. Neither of the results was statistically significant. Boys are more knowledgeable about exercise than girls (P = 0.03). Conclusion: There is no difference in the level of knowledge about healthy eating and exercise among children with varying body weights. Tackling children behavior and attitude towards food and exercise is as important as improving their knowledge.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Deeb, A. , Suliman, S. , Tomy, M. , Yousef, H. , Rahman, L. , Saleh, S. , Mahmoud, S. , Akle, M. and Nagelkerke, N. (2015) Is There a Correlation between Body Weight and Awareness of Healthy Life Style Components in Children?. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 5, 49-55. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2015.51010.

References

[1] Ogden, C.L., Carroll, M.D., Kit, B.K. and Flegal, K.M. (2012) Prevalence of Obesity and Trends in Body Mass Index among US Children and Adolescents 1999-2010. Journal of the American Medical Association, 307, 483-490.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2012.40
[2] Malik, M. and Bakir, A. (2007) Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Children in the United Arab Emirates. Obesity Reviews, 8, 15-20.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00290.x
[3] Krebs, N.F., Himes, J.H., Jacobson, D., Nicklas, T.A., Guilday, P. and Styne, D. (2007) Assessment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity. Pediatrics, 120, S193-S228.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2007-2329D
[4] Daniels, S.R., Arnett, D.K., Eckel, R.H., et al. (2005) Overweight in Children and Adolescents: Pathophysiology, Consequences, Prevention, and Treatment. Circulation, 111, 1999-2002.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000161369.71722.10
[5] (2010) Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Department of Health and Human Services 2010, 7th Edition, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
[6] Sinha, R., Fisch, G., Teague, B., et al. (2002) Prevalence of Impaired Glucose Tolerance among Children and Adolescents with Marked Obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 346, 802-810.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa012578
[7] Mehairi, A.E., Khouri, A.A., Naqbi, M.M., et al. (2013) Metabolic Syndrome among Emirati Adolescents: A School-Based Study. PLoS, 8, e56159.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056159
[8] Al Junaibi, A., Abdulle, A., Sabri, S., Hag-Ali, M. and Nagelkerke, N. (2013) The Prevalence and Potential Determinants of Obesity among School Children and Adolescents in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. International Journal of Obesity, 37, 68-74.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2012.131
[9] Briefel, R.R. and Johnson, C.L. (2004) Secular Trends in Dietary Intake in the United States. Annual Review of Nutrition, 24, 401-431.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.nutr.23.011702.073349
[10] Reedy, J. and Krebs-Smith, S.M. (2010) Dietary Sources of Energy, Solid Fats, and Added Sugars among Children and Adolescents in the United States. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 110, 1477-1484.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2010.07.010
[11] Ali, H.I., Ng, S.W., Zaghloul, S., Harrison, G.G., Qazaq, H.S., El Sadig, M. and Yeatts, K. (2013) High Proportion of 6 to 18-Year-Old Children and Adolescents in the United Arab Emirates Are Not Meeting Dietary Recommendations. Nutrition Research, 33, 447-456.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2013.03.008
[12] bin Gazaal, A.A., Musaiger, A.O. and D’Souza, R. (2009) Dietary Habits Associated with Obesity among Adolescents in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 24, 437-444.
[13] US Department of Health and Human Services (2008) Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report. US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington DC.
[14] Eaton, D.K., Kann, L., Kinchen, S., Shanklin, S., Flint, K.H., Hawkins, J., et al. (2012) Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, United States, 2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 61, 1-162.
[15] Donnelly, J.E., Jacobsen, D.T., Whatley, J.E., Hill, J.O., Swift, L.L., Cherrington, A., et al. (1996) Nutrition and Physical Activity Program to Attenuate Obesity and Promote Physical and Metabolic Fitness in Elementary School Children. Obesity Research, 4, 229-243.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1550-8528.1996.tb00541.x
[16] Lindelof, A., Nielsen, C.V. and Pederen, B.D. (2010) Obesity Treatment, More than Food and Exercise: A Qualitative Study Exploring Obese Adolescents’ and Their Parents’ Views on the Former’s Obesity. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, 5, 1-11.
[17] Aljunaibi, A., Abdulle, A. and Nagelkerke, N. (2013) Parental Weight Perceptions: A Cause for Concern in the Prevention and Management of Childhood Obesity in the United Arab Emirates. PLoS ONE, 8, e59923.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059923
[18] Hart, K.H., Herriot, A., Bishop, J.A. and Truby, H. (2003) Promoting Healthy Diet and Exercise Patterns amongst Primary School Children: A Qualitative Investigation of Parental Perspectives. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 16, 89-96.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-277X.2003.00429.x
[19] Bellisle, F. and Rolland-Cachera, M.F., Kellogg Scientific Advisory Committee (2007) Three Consecutive (1993, 1995, 1997) Surveys of Food Intake, Nutritional Attitudes and Knowledge, and Lifestyle in 1000 French Children, Aged 9-11 Years. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 20, 241-251.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2007.00773.x
[20] Badri, M.A., Ustadi, A.M., Pierson, L. and Al Dramaki, M. (2012) Mode of Travel and the Decision to Allow Children to Walk or Bike to Schools, the Abu Dhabi Experience. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2, 514-527.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojpm.2012.24071
[21] Shin, E.K., Lee, H.S. and Lee, Y.K. (2004) Effect of Nutrition Education Program in Obese Children and Their Parents (II): Focus on Nutrition Knowledge, Eating Behaviors, Food Habit and Nutrient Intakes. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition, 9, 578-588.
[22] Saksvig, B.I., Gittelsohn, J., Harris, S.B., Hanely, A.J.G., Valente, T.W. and Zinman, B. (2005) A Pilot School-Based Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Intervention Improves Diet, Food Knowledge, and Self-Efficacy for Native Canadian Children. Journal of Nutrition, 135, 2392-2398.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.