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Effective Factors in Urinary Tract Infection Prevention among Children: Application of Health Belief Model

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DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.52008    2,716 Downloads   3,401 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections among children using preventive manipulations, especially among children less than 6 years old. This study aimed at exploring factors which could affect urinary tract infection prevention among children. A descriptive analytical study was conducted on 70 mothers who had children less than 6 years old in 2013. Multistage cluster sampling method was utilized in which each kindergarten was considered as a cluster and data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire designed based on Health Belief Model (HBM). Validity and reliability of questionnaire were confirmed by a pilot study. ANOVA and Pearson Correlation Coefficient were conducted using SPSS, version 18. The mean and standard deviation of knowledge and practice were 6.96 ± 2.14 and 15.47 ± 1.54 respectively. Means and standard deviation of Health Belief Model constructs (perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers and self-efficacy) were 17.64 ± 2.50, 22.02 ± 2.55, 20.90 ± 2.38, 27.56 ± 5.20 and 21.49 ± 3.18 respectively. More participants were in the moderate levels of knowledge (74.3%) and practice (45.7%). These findings revealed a significant relation between practice and perceived susceptibility (p = 0.02), perceived barriers (p = 0.001), self-efficacy (p = 0.014) and cues to action (p = 0.016). Based on the current study, the intervention based on Health Belief Model can be useful to improve preventive behaviors of Urinary Tract Infection.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Hashemiparast, M. , Shojaeizadeh, D. , Aezam, K. and Tol, A. (2015) Effective Factors in Urinary Tract Infection Prevention among Children: Application of Health Belief Model. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5, 72-77. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.52008.

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