Share This Article:

Acceptability of HIV Testing and Counseling by Antenatal Clients of a Tertiary Institution in Northern Nigeria

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:906KB) PP. 94-102
DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2015.52013    2,806 Downloads   3,302 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: HIV testing and counseling (HTC) plays a central role in specific prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) interventions, as these interventions depend on the woman knowing her HIV status. Over ninety percent of HIV infection in children is acquired through mother-to-child transmission. Objectives: This study assessed pregnant women’s knowledge of HIV/AIDS, their awareness of HIV testing and counseling, and compared the uptake of HTC to the previously practiced voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) in a teaching hospital in northern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A pre-tested, structured interview questionnaire was administered on a cross-section survey of 270 antenatal clients in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH), Nigeria. Information about knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitude towards HTC was elicited among respondents. Results: Eighty-nine percent of respondents were aware of HIV/AIDS. The knowledge of route of disease transmission was high, with 87.4% and 81.1% of studyparticipants mentioning sexual activity and mother-to-child transmission, respectively. Majority of respondents (98.9%) were aware of HTC and approved of it (91.1%) while 7.8% declined and the remaining 1.1% were undecided. Fourteen percent of respondents didn’t approve of retesting in labour. Sixty-eight percent of respondents were aware of interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Switching from VCT to HTC has dramatically improved the uptake of testing from 78.9% in 2006 to 91.1% in 2012. Conclusion: Routine HIV testing and counseling is more acceptable than voluntary counseling and testing among antenatal clients. Although the awareness and uptake of HTC were quite high among the antenatal clients, there is still a need to intensify health education and incorporate husbands into the counseling session when necessary to convince the remaining minority who are still ignorant of the benefits of HTC.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Olajide, O. , Oguntayo, A. and Kolawole, A. (2015) Acceptability of HIV Testing and Counseling by Antenatal Clients of a Tertiary Institution in Northern Nigeria. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5, 94-102. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2015.52013.

References

[1] Weiss, R.A. (1993) How Does HIV Cause AIDS? Science, 260, 1273-1279.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.8493571
[2] Douek, D.C., Roederer, M. and Koup, R.A. (2009) Emerging Concepts in the Immunopathogenesis of AIDS. Annual Review of Medicine, 60, 471-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.med.60.041807.123549
[3] United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) (2010) Country Progress Report, Nigeria.
[4] Egesie, J. and Egesie, G. (2011) Seroprevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among Blood Donors in Jos—Nigeria. In: Barros, E., Ed., HIV-Infection: Impact, Awareness and Social Implications of Living with HIV/AIDS, In Tech.
[5] Federal Ministry of Health (2010) National Guidelines on Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria.
[6] UNAIDS (2011) World AIDS Day Report. UNAIDS, Geneva.
[7] Adeyi, O., Kanki, P.J., Odutolu, O., et al. (2006) AIDS in Nigeria: A Nation on the Threshold. Chapter 2: The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Harvard Centre for Population and Development Studies, Cambridge.
[8] UNAIDS (2010) Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. UNAIDS, Geneva.
[9] UNAIDS Report (2009). http://unaids.org/pub/Report/2009/JC1700 Epi Update 2009 en.pdf
[10] Adebanjo, T. National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework/Plan 2010-2015. National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA), Nigeria.
[11] Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2002) HIV Testing among Pregnant Women—United States and Canada, 1998-2001. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 51, 1013-1016.
[12] Homsy, J., Kalamya, J.N., Obonyo, J., Ojwang, J., Mugumya, R., Opio, C. and Mermin, J. (2006) Routine Intrapartum HIV Counseling and Testing for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in a Rural Ugandan Hospital. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 42, 149-154.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.qai.0000225032.52766.c2
[13] Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2004) Introduction of Routine HIV Testing in Prenatal Care— Botswana, 2004. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 53, 1083-1086.
[14] Schuman, P., Jones, T.B., Laken, M.P., Ohmit, S. and Marbury, C. (2004) Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing of Pregnant Women—An Assessment of Compliance with Michigan Public Health Status. Medscape General Medicine, 6, 52.
[15] Simpson, W.M. (1999) Antenatal HIV Testing: Assessment of a Routine Voluntary Approach. British Medical Journal, 318, 1660-1661. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.318.7199.1660
[16] Bitnun, A., King, S.M., Ameson, C. and Read, S.E. (2002) Failure to Prevent Perinatal HIV Infection. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 166, 904-905.
[17] Iliyasu, Z., Kabir, M., Galadima, H.S., Abubakar, I.S. and Aliyu, M.H. (2005) Awareness and Attitude of Antenatal Clients towards HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Medicine, 14, 27-32.
[18] Igwegbe, A.O. and Ilika, A.L. (2005) Knowledge and Perceptions of HIV/AIDS and Mother to Child Transmission among Antenatal Mothers at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 8, 97-101.
[19] Abiodun, M.O., Ijaiya, M.A. and Aboyeji, P.A. (2007) Awareness and Knowledge of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV among Pregnant Women. Journal of the National Medical Association, 99, 758-763.
[20] Luo, Y. and He, G.P. (2008) Pregnant Women’s Awareness and Knowledge of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in South Central China. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 87, 831-836.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016340802226342
[21] Osazuwa, F., Dirisu, J.O. and Okuoghae, P.E. (2012) Early Determination of HIV Status by Routine Voluntary Counseling and Testing in Benin City, Nigeria. North American Journal of Medical Sciences, 4, 99-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.93378
[22] Ekanem, E.E. and Gbadegesin, A. (2004) Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) for Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A Study on Acceptability by Nigeria Women Attending Antenatal Clinics. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 8, 91-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3583183
[23] Ajayi, V.D. (2007) Acceptability of Voluntary Counseling and Testing: A Thesis Submitted to the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (NPMCN) in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Part 1 Examination of NPMCN, Unpublished.
[24] Chama, C.M., Audu, B.M. and Kyari, O. (2004) Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV of Maiduguri, Nigeria. Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 24, 266-269.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01443610410001660760

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.