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Periorbital Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation after Fractionated CO2 Laser Resurfacing in Asians

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DOI: 10.4236/mps.2015.52002    4,164 Downloads   4,947 Views   Citations
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Randal Tanh Hoang Pham1, Ingerlisa Mattoch2, Sterling S. Baker3,4

Affiliation(s)

1Aesthetic and Refractive Surgery Medical Center, San Jose, USA.
2Private Practice, Fort Collins, USA.
3Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, USA.
4Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Most data on laser resurfacing have come from studies of people with Fitzpatrick skin types 1 - 3; however, the world’s population is comprised mostly of Fitzpatrick skin types 4 - 6, which are more susceptible to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Objective: For the purpose of expanding the expertise of plastic surgeons treating patients with darker skin types, this study examined the incidence of PIH in Asians who underwent laser resurfacing, including a histologic arm on fractional ablative resurfacing. Methods & Materials: The clinical study included six subjects of Vietnamese origin who underwent single-depth fractionated CO2 laser resurfacing. The histologic study involved a seventh subject. The MiXto SX® laser with a new scanning handpiece was used, along with magnifying loupes to assess ablative depth after each of three laser passes performed. Photographs were taken at various postoperative intervals. Results: All six clinical subjects showed cosmetic improvement in skin texture and tone with no post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. In the histologic study, H&E stained sections revealed uniform diathermy. Conclusion: It is possible to significantly reduce PIH in darker skinned subjects through use of a new scanning handpiece and a technique using loupes to assess the depth of ablative resurfacing. The histologic study confirms these findings.

KEYWORDS

Laser, CO2 Laser, CO2 Laser Resurfacing, Fractionated CO2 Laser Resurfacing, PIH, Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation, Asian, Face, Eyelid, Pigment, Wrinkles, Rhytid

Cite this paper

Pham, R. , Mattoch, I. and Baker, S. (2015) Periorbital Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation after Fractionated CO2 Laser Resurfacing in Asians. Modern Plastic Surgery, 5, 9-13. doi: 10.4236/mps.2015.52002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

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