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Community-Based Screening and the Detection of Critical Carotid Artery Stenosis and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

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DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.52005    2,296 Downloads   2,630 Views  

ABSTRACT

Background: Community-based cardiovascular screening has the opportunity to detect critical cardiovascular disease and positively affect public health outcomes. Disease deemed to be critical or severe at detection requires appropriate medical follow-up. This article examined the self-reported outcomes of individuals who had undergone community-based cardiovascular screening and had critical findings for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) or carotid artery stenosis (CAS). Methods: Over 390,000 screening records for AAA and over 490,000 screening records for CAS were reviewed to identify individuals with critical screening findings. A critical AAA is defined as an aneurysm ≥ 5cm and critical CAS is defined as a hemodynamically significant stenosis with recorded peak systolic velocities of ≥300 cm/s, in this population. Identified individuals were then contacted via phone and surveyed about the medical care they received after their screening. Results: Review of the screening records found a prevalence of critical AAA findings of 0.037% (146 participants) and critical CAS findings of 0.12% (579 participants). 61% of participants with critical findings were reached for follow-up from both groups. Over 96% of participants with critical AAA and over 92% of participants with critical CAS had some forms of medical follow-up. Conclusions: Community-based cardiovascular screening has the ability to detect critical levels of disease. Findings of critical disease in the reviewed population are similar to the findings from previously published studies. Importantly, medical treatment received by those who seek follow-up appears to be consistent with recommended treatment guidelines. Identification and management of critical disease represent meaningful public and individual health benefits and the possibility of cost-savings.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Weisman, S. , Garbani, N. and Manganaro, A. (2015) Community-Based Screening and the Detection of Critical Carotid Artery Stenosis and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5, 38-46. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.52005.

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