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Improving Flow Property of Nifedipine Loaded Solid-Lipid Nanoparticles by Means of Silica for Oral Solid Dosage Form

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DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.512122    2,864 Downloads   3,488 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In this study, a new formulation of silica nanocomposite containing nifedipine (NI) loaded freeze-dried solid-lipid nanoparticles (NI-SLNs) and silica have been developed with improved flowability of powders, which can lead to the formulation of a widely acceptable oral dosage form. The stable NI-SLNs were prepared using two phospholipids, hydrogenated soybean phosphatidylcholine and dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol mixed with 2.5% w/v trehalose as a cryoprotectant followed by lyophilization. We employed various grades of two types of silica, such as fumed and precipitated. Silica improved the poor flow property of NI-SLNs to good category as per USP-29. In addition, most of the silica nanocomposites showed the satisfactory results in their physicochemical properties such as particle size, polydispersity index, zeta potential, and recovered potency by around 100 nm, 0.3, -50 mV, and 80%, respectively. Furthermore, it was found that NI-SLNs were easily released form nanocomposites within 30 min, therefore, suggesting an improvement of drug dissolutions. Among them, precipitated silica cooperated fairly in improving the powder characteristics as well as the physicochemical, morphological, and pharmaceutical properties.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Barman, R. , Iwao, Y. , Noguchi, S. , Wahed, M. and Itai, S. (2014) Improving Flow Property of Nifedipine Loaded Solid-Lipid Nanoparticles by Means of Silica for Oral Solid Dosage Form. Pharmacology & Pharmacy, 5, 1119-1129. doi: 10.4236/pp.2014.512122.

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