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Volume Change of the Random Coil to Folded Conformational Transition of Thermomyces lanuginosus Xylanase at 24°C and pH = 7.0 via Application of the Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

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DOI: 10.4236/jbpc.2014.54015    4,396 Downloads   4,743 Views  

ABSTRACT

A partial phase diagram characterizing the conformational change that occurs in Thermomyces lanuginosus xylanase as it is slowly heated in 150 mM sodium phosphate (pH = 7.0) has been con-structed from slow-scan-rate differential scanning calorimetry measurements. The Clausius-Clapeyron equation was applied to determine an associated volume change of -205 L·mol-1 at 24°C, the equilibrium transition temperature at 1.0 atm pressure. This value is in excellent agreement with that predicted using a previously published [1] empirical equation for calculating the hydro-dynamic radius if the transition is regarded as from a random coil to a functional, folded state and with the assumption that the hydrodynamic radius is a good approximation of the true random coil radius. The existence of a low-temperature random coil is confirmed by circular dichroism and dynamic light scattering measurements. Thus, at 24°C and 1.0 atm pressure the enzyme appears to fold from a random coil to a functional, folded form as it is slowly heated.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Wilks, H. , Arrington, T. and Britt, B. (2014) Volume Change of the Random Coil to Folded Conformational Transition of Thermomyces lanuginosus Xylanase at 24°C and pH = 7.0 via Application of the Clausius-Clapeyron Equation. Journal of Biophysical Chemistry, 5, 134-142. doi: 10.4236/jbpc.2014.54015.

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