Share This Article:

Response of different corn populations to fertigated nitrogen and certain micronutrients in sandy soil

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:324KB) PP. 94-103
DOI: 10.4236/as.2011.22014    6,544 Downloads   13,237 Views   Citations


A field study was conducted during 2008 and 2009 at El-Khattara farm station, Zagazig Uni-versity, Sharkyia, Egypt (30°36' N, 32°15' E) to determine the effect of three N rates (214, 273, and 333 kg N ha-1), four micronutrients spray treatments (Check, Zn, Mn, and Zn + Mn), and three planting density levels ( 4.76, 5.71, and 6.66 plant m-2) on growth and grain yield of corn (Zea mays, L). The soil was sandy (Entisols) and groundwater was used for irrigation. Response to N was maximized to 214 kg ha-1 without a significant effect on most growth traits and grain yield. Agronomic efficiency of N use for grain yield was negatively related to N rate (r2 = 0.49). Application of micronutrients had no ef-fect on most growth and yield characters except a significant increase by 9.5, 8.7, and 9 % in plant weight (g plant-1), biomass yield (kg m-2), and N agronomic efficiency for biomass yield, respectively. Growth was decreased by in-creasing plant density without affecting harvest index, agronomic efficiency, biomass yield, and grain yield. The application of Zn to the highest maize plant density increased grain yield by 16 % as compared to the check. It is recommended, as predicated by the linear model, that N ferti-gation rate should be around 220 kg ha-1 with plant density of 6.66 plant m-2 accompanied by Zn application for maximum irrigated corn grain yield in sandy soil. Abbreviations: DAS, days after sowing; LA, leaf area; LAI, leaf area index; RPP, relative photosynthetic potential; HI, har-vest index; BW, plant weight g plant-1, GYP, grain yield g plant-1, BYM, biomass yield kg m-2, GYM, grain yield kg m-2, NAE, nitrogen agro-nomic efficiency.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Attia, A. , Shapiro, C. , Gomaa, M. , Aly, R. and Omar, A. (2011) Response of different corn populations to fertigated nitrogen and certain micronutrients in sandy soil. Agricultural Sciences, 2, 94-103. doi: 10.4236/as.2011.22014.


[1] Ayars, J.E., C.J. Phene, R.B. Hutmacher, K.R. Davis, R.A. Schoneman, S.S. Vail and R.M. Mead (1999). Subsurface drip irrigation of row crops: A review of 15 years of research at the Water Management Research Laboratory. Agric. Water Manag., 42, (1) 1-27.
[2] Shepherd, M.A. and G. Bennett (1998). Nutrients leaching losses from a sandy soil in lysimeter. Communications in Soil Sci. and Plant Analysis, 29, (7 & 8) 931-946.
[3] Haynes, R.J. (1985). Principles of fertilizers use for trickle irrigated crops. Fert. Res., 6, (3), 235-255.
[4] El-Hendawy, S.E., E.M. Hokam and U. Schmidhalter (2008). Drip irrigation frequency: the effects and their interaction with nitrogen fertilization on sandy soil water distribution, maize yield and water use efficiency under Egyp-tian conditions. J. Agronomy & Crop Sci.,194, 180 -192.
[5] Lamm, F.R., T.P. Trooien, L. Manges, H. Madani and H.D. Sunderman (2001). Nitrogen fertilization for subsur-face drip irrigated corn. Trans. ASAE., 44, 530 – 542.
[6] Halvorson, A.D. and C.A. Reule (2006). Irrigated corn and soybean response to nitrogen under No till northern Colo-rado. Agron. J., 98, 1367-1374.
[7] Asadi, M.E., R.S. Clemente, A.D. Gupta, R. Loof and G.K. Hansen (2002). Im-pacts of fertigation via sprinkler irrigation on nitrate leaching and corn yield in an acid – sulphate soil in Thailand. Agric. Water Manage., 52, 197-213.
[8] Kargbo, C.S. (1985). Effect of plant reproductive stage and rates of foliar fertilizer sprays on corn yield and yield components. Zeitschrift fur Acker und pflanzenbau, 155, 268-273.
[9] Abdul-Galil, A.A., S.A. Ghanem, O.A. Zeiton and M.M. Moselhy (1990). Effect of planting density and foliar N fertilization on yield of maize. Proc. 4th Conf. Agron., Cairo, 1, 405-417.
[10] Ka-bata-Pendias, A. and H. Pendias (1999). Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements. PWN, Warsaw, Poland, 398.
[11] Hefni, E.H.M., A.A. El-Hosary, M.I. M. Salwan and A. El-Sabbagh (1993). Effect of soil moisture stress and foliar application of Zn on some maize varieties. Annals of Agric. Sci., Moshtohor, 31, (4), 1811-1822.
[12] Badr, S.K.A. (1999). Effect of some preceding winter crops and application time and yield compo-nents of yellow maize in sandy soil. Minufiya J. of Agric. Res., 24, (3), 895-909.
[13] Bakry, M.A., Y.R. Soliman and S.A. Moussa (2009). Importance of micronutrients, organic manure and biofertilizer for improving maize yield and its components grown in desert sandy soils. Research J. of Agric. and boil. Sci., 5, (1), 16-23.
[14] Sajedi, N.A., M. R. Ardakani, A. Naderi, H. Madani and M. M. A. Boojar, (2009). Response of Maize to Nutrients Foliar Application Under Water Deficit Stress Condi-tions. Am. J. of Agric. and Biol. Sci., 4, (3), 242-248.
[15] El-Bana, A.Y.A. and M.A. Gomaa (1994). Re-sponse of maize to time of nitrogen application and some mi-croelements under sandy soil conditions. Zagazig J. Agric. Res., 21, (4), 1029-1040
[16] Schulte, E.E. (2004). Understanding plant nutrients, soil and applied Zn. Available at Accessed 12 Oct. 2010. Ext. publ. A2528. Univ. of Wisconsin – Madison Coop. Ext., Wisconsin County, WI. Accessed Oct., 5, 2010 verified Nov., 12, 2010.
[17] Tollenaar, M. and A. Aguilera (1992). Radiation use efficiency of an old and a new maize hybrid. Agron, J., 84, 536-541.
[18] Greish, M.H. and G.M. Yakout (2001). Effect of plant population density and nitrogen fertilization on yield and yield components of some white and yellow maize hybrids under drip irrigation system in sandy soil. In: proceeding of the International Conference on Plant Nutri-tion – Food Security and Sustainability of Agro – ecosystems, Madrid, Spain, 810-811.
[19] Al-Kaisi, M.M and X. Yin (2003). Effects of nitrogen rate, irrigation rate, and plant popu-lation on corn yield and water use efficiency. Agron. J., 95, 1475-1482.
[20] Porter, P., D. Hicks, W. Lueschen, J. Ford, D. Warnes and T. Hoverstad (1997). Corn response to row width and plant population in the northern Corn Belt. J. Prod. Agric., 10, 293 – 300.
[21] Soil Survey Staff (1996). Keys to Soil Taxonomy. Seventh Edition, USDA Natural Resource Con-servation Service, Washington DC, 644.
[22] Ritchie, S.W., J.J. Hanway, G.O. Benson, J.C. Herman and S.J. Lupkes (1993). How a corn plant develops. Iowa State university of Science and Technology Coop. Ext. Services Ames, Iowa, Special report, 48,
[23] Palamiswamy, K.M. and K. A. Gomex (1974). Length-width method for estimating leaf area of rice. Agron. J., 66, 430-433.
[24] Vidovic, J. and V. Pokorny (1973). The effect of different sowing densities and nutrients levels in LAI, production and distribution of dry matter in maize. Biologia planta. 15, 374-382.
[25] Little, R.C., G.A. Milliken, W.W. Stroup and R.D. Wolfinger (1996). SAS system for mixed models. SAS Inst., Cary, NC.
[26] Subedi, K.D., B.L. Ma and D.L. Smith (2006). Response of leafy and non-leafy maize hybrid to population densities and fertilizer nitrogen levels. Crop Sci., 46, 1860- 1869.
[27] Berzsenyi, Z. (2009). Studies on the effect of N fertilization on the growth of maize (Zea mays, L.) hybrids I. Dynamic of drymatter accumulation in whole plants and plant organs. Acta Agron. Hung., 57, 97-110.
[28] Uribe, E., C. Martens and D.E. Brann (1988). Response of corn (Zea mays, L.) to manganese application on Attantic Coastal Plain soils. Plant and Soil, 112, (1), 83-88.
[29] Yakout, G.M., G.H. Greish and R.A. Atta-All (2001). Effect of foliar nutrition with some micronutrients on growth and yield of some white maize cultivars,” Egypt J. Appl. Sci., 16, 521-532.
[30] Ashok, K. (2008). Productivity, economics and nitrogen use efficiency of specialty corn (Zea mays, L) as influenced by planting density and nitrogen fer-tilization. Indian J. of Agron., 53, 306-309.
[31] Gehl, R.J., J.P. Schmidt, L.D. Maddux and W. B. Gordon (2005). Corn yield response to nitrogen rate and timing in sandy irrigated soils. Agron. J., 07, 1230-1238.
[32] Potarzycki, J. and W. Grzebisz (2009). Effect of zinc foliar application on grain yield of maize and its yielding components. Plant and soil environ. J., 55, (12), 519-527.
[33] Tarkalson, D.D. and J.O. Payero (2008). Comparison of nitrogen fertilization methods and rates for subsurface drip irrigated corn in the semi-arid great plains. Soil & Water Division of ASABE, 51, (5), 1633-1643.
[34] Shapiro, C.A. and C.S. Wortmann (2006). Corn response to nitrogen rate, row spacing, and plant density in Eastern Nebraska. Agron. J., 98, 529-535.
[35] El-Gizawy, N.K. (2009). Effect of nitrogen rate and plant density on agro-nomic nitrogen efficiency and maize yields following wheat and faba bean. American Eurasian J. agric. & Environ. Sci., 5, 378-386.
[36] Osman, A.S., S.M.M. Allam, G.M. El-Sherbiny and M.Y. Gebraiel (2001). Influence of nitrogen and micronu-trient sources on maize plants. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., 16, (40), 150-160.
[37] Wang, Y.P., C.C. Tan and W.B. Huang (1996). Effect of chemical fertilization on the quality of percolation water. J. Chinese Agric. Chem. Soc.,34, 406-416.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.