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Design and Simulation of a Secure and Robust Underwater Acoustic Communication System in the Persian Gulf

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DOI: 10.4236/cn.2011.32012    5,252 Downloads   11,009 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In recent years, underwater acoustic (UWA) communications have received much attention as their applications have begun to shift from military toward commercial. Digital communications through UWA channels differ substantially from those in other media, such as radio channels, due to severe signal degradations caused by multipath propagation and high temporal and spatial variability of the channel conditions. This paper describes a project designed, based on the results obtained from extensive laboratory and field experiments on sound speed profile in different depths of the Persian Gulf, to investigate and demonstrate an underwater acoustic communication system. Transmitted data are acoustic signals to which for more safety in transmission and low frequency bandwidth, Rivest cipher cryptography algorithm and linear prediction coding are applied, respectively. In transmitter, Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) signaling is employed to make efficient use of the available channel bandwidth. In the channel, a comprehensive model for short-range shallow water multipath acoustic channel is presented. The mathematical modeling of the multi-path effects is based on the ray tracing and the image method. Also, the attenuations due to wave scatterings at the surface and their bottom reflections are accounted for. In addition, we consider the loss due to the frequency absorption of different materials and the presence of ambient noises such as the sea state noise, shipping noise, thermal noise and turbulences. In the receiver, to overcome the difficulties of inter symbol interference, adaptive equalization using Decision Feedback Equalizer (DFE) is applied.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Aref, M. Jannati and V. Vakili, "Design and Simulation of a Secure and Robust Underwater Acoustic Communication System in the Persian Gulf," Communications and Network, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2011, pp. 99-112. doi: 10.4236/cn.2011.32012.

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