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Rice and Bean: Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of the “Baião de Dois”

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DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.59081    3,340 Downloads   3,820 Views  

ABSTRACT

The “bai?o de dois” is a typical Brazilian dish and a rich combination of rice and beans. This preparation has a high nutritional value but its effect on glycemic response is not yet studied. To determine the glycemic index and glycemic load of foods can help prescribing diets and as a result, improving the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases. This study aimed to access the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of “bai?o de dois”. Following the protocol recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organization, 6 volunteers were recruited to perform blood glucose tests. Each volunteer performed three glucose tolerance tests and a test with “bai?o de dois”. All tests were undertaken in separate weeks. Through the calculation of the areas under each of the curves, it was possible to access the GI of “bai?o de dois” by the average values of six GIs found for each volunteer. It was calculated that the GL of each portion tested and recommended servings per capita. It was found that “bai?o de dois” had low GI (44) and GL (6) at the recommended per capita, but high GL (22) at the portion tested (bigger than the recommended). The “bai?o de dois” do not present a potential risk for developing chronic diseases, but it is recommended consumption to be monitored.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Passos, T. , Sampaio, H. , Arruda, S. , Melo, M. , Lima, J. and Rocha, D. (2014) Rice and Bean: Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of the “Baião de Dois”. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 770-775. doi: 10.4236/as.2014.59081.

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