Share This Article:

Biometry and Water Consumption of Sunflower as Affected by NPK Fertilizer and Available Soil Water Content under Semiarid Brazilian Conditions

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1562KB) PP. 668-676
DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.58070    2,799 Downloads   3,529 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the effect of NPK fertilization and available soil water levels on the biometric response and water use of sunflower cv. Embrapa 122-V2000. The experiment was conducted at the Agricultural Engineering Department of the Federal University of Campina Grande, Paraiba State, Brazil, during 2009 and 2010, in a semi-controlled greenhouse using the Eutrofic Regosol. The treatments were defined according to a Baconian matrix, with eleven doses of the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and four available soil water levels. The experiment was arranged in a complete randomized design, with three replicates, in a total of 132 sample units. No effect of N and K was observed on plant height. However, it increased significantly with P levels. The stem diameter and the leaf area were affected by the N and K and not by the P. The number of leaves increased significantly with the amount of N, P and K fertilizer. Available soil water content increased significantly in all the variables studied. The best sunflower performance and water consumption were obtained with the 100:120:120 kg·ha-1 NPK and 100% of the available soil water content treatment.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Chaves, L. , Guerra, H. , Campos, V. , Pereira, W. and Ribeiro, P. (2014) Biometry and Water Consumption of Sunflower as Affected by NPK Fertilizer and Available Soil Water Content under Semiarid Brazilian Conditions. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 668-676. doi: 10.4236/as.2014.58070.

References

[1] Hussain, M.K., Rasul, E. and Ali, S.K. (2000) Growth Analysis of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) under Drought Conditions. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 2, 136-140.
[2] Cechin, I. and Fumis, T.F. (2004) Effect of Nitrogen Supply on Growth and Photosynthesis of Sunflower Plants Grown in the Greenhouse. Plant Science, 166, 1379-1385.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2004.01.020
[3] De Giorgio, D., Montemurro, V. and Fornaro, F. (2007) Four-Year Field Experiment on Nitrogen Application to Sunflower Genotypes Grown in Semiarid Conditions. Helia, 30, 15-26.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/HEL0747015D
[4] Fagundes, J.D., Santiago, G., Mello, A.M., Bellé, R.A. and Streck, N.A. (2007) Crescimento, desenvolvimento e retardamento da senescência foliar em girassol de vaso (Helianthus annuus L.): Fontes e doses de nitrogênio. Ciência Rural, 37, 987-993.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782007000400011
[5] Nawaz, N., Sarwar, G., Yousaf, M., Naseeb, T., Ahmad, A. and Shah, M.J. (2003) Yield and Yield Components of Sunflower as Affected by Various NPK Levels. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 2, 561-562.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2003.561.562
[6] Bakht, J., Shafi, M., Yousaf, M. and Shah, H.U. (2010a) Physiology, Phonology and Yield of Sunflower (Autumn) as Affected by NPK Fertilizer and Hybrids. Pakistan Journal Botany, 42, 1909-1922.
[7] Aziz, A.K. and Soomro, A.G. (2001) Effect of Water Stress on the Growth, Yield and Oil Content of Sunflower. Pakistan Journal Agricultural Science, 38, 73-74.
[8] Nezami, A., Khazaei, H.R., Rezazadeh, Z.B. and Hosseini, A. (2008) Effects of Drought Stress and Defoliation on Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in Controlled Condition. Desert, 13, 99-104.
[9] Göksoy, A.T., Demir, A.O., Turan, Z.M. and Dagüstü, N. (2004) Responses of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to Full and Limited Irrigation at Different Growth Stages. Field Crops Research, 87, 167-178.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2003.11.004
[10] Bakht, J., Shafi, M., Yousaf, M., Raziuddin and Khan, M.A. (2010b) Effect of Irrigation on Physiology and Yield of Sunflower Hybrids. Pakistan Journal Botany, 42, 1317-1326.
[11] Empresa Brasileira De Pesquisa Agropecuária (Embrapa) (1997) Manual de métodos de análise de solo. Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Solos, Rio de Janeiro.
[12] Ferreira, D.F. (2000) Análise estatística por meio do SISVAR (Sistema para Análise de Variancia) para Windows versão 4.0. Proceedings of the 45th Reunião Anual da Região Brasileira da Sociedade Internacional de Biometria, São Carlos-SP, 2000, 255-258.
[13] Euclydes, R.F. (1997) Manual de utilização do programa SAEG: Sistema para análises estatísticas e genéticas. 2nd Edition, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa.
[14] Muralidharudu, Y., Murthy, I.Y.L.N., Reddy, K.P.C., Reddy, B.N. and Chandranath, H.T. (2003) Response of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to Phosphorus Application in Vertisols. Helia, 26, 147-154.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/HEL0339147M
[15] Mojiri, A. and Arzani, A. (2003) Effects of Nitrogen Rate and Plant Density on Yield and Yield Components of Sunflower. Journal of Science and Technology of Agricultural and Nature Resources, 7, 115-125.
[16] Abbadi, J., Gerendás, J. and Sattelmacher, B. (2008) Effects of Nitrogen Supply on Growth, Yield, and Yield Components of Safflower and Sunflower. Plant and Soil, 306, 167-180.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-008-9569-5
[17] Ayub, M., Tanveer, A., Amin, M.Z., Sharar, M.S. and Pervaiz, A. (1999) Effect of Differents Sources and Levels of Potash on Yield and Oil Content of Spring Sunflower. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2, 801-803.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.1999.801.803
[18] Khaliq, A. and Cheema, Z.A. (2005) Influence of Irrigation and Nitrogen Management on Some Agronomic Traits and Yield of Hybrid Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 7, 915-919.
[19] Thakuria, R.K., Harbir, S. and Tej, S. (2004) Effect of Irrigation and Antitranspirants on Growth and Yield of Spring Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 49, 121-123.
[20] Oyinlola, E.Y., Ogunwole, J.O. and Amapu, I.Y. (2010) Response of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to Nitrogen Application in a Savanna Alfisol. Helia, 33, 115-126.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/HEL1052115O
[21] Gholinezhad, E., Aynaband, A., Ghorthapeh, A.H., Noormohamadi, G. and Bernousi, I. (2011) Effect of Drought and Nitrogen Rates on Grain Yield, Quality Traits and Physiological Indices in Sunflower Hybrid Iroflor at Different Plant Density. World Applied Sciences Journal, 14, 131-139.
[22] Ali, M., Khalil, S.K. and Nawab, K. (2000) Response of Sunflower Hybrids to Various Levels of Nitrogen and Phosphorus. Sarhad Journal Agricultural, 16, 477-483.
[23] Roggatz, U., McDonald, A.J.S., Stadenberg, I. and Schurr, U. (1999) Effect of Nitrogen Deprivation on Cell Division and Expansion in Leaves of Ricinus communis L. Plant Cell Environment, 22, 81-89.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.1999.00383.x
[24] Tahir, M.H.N., Imran, M. and Hussain, M.K. (2002) Evaluation of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Inbred Lines for Drought Tolerance. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 4, 398-400.
[25] Ali, H., Randhawa, S.A. and Yousaf, M.Q. (2004) Quantitative and Qualitative Traits of Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) as Influenced by Planting Dates and Nitrogen Application. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 6, 410-412.
[26] Oliveira, F.A., Silva, M.N.B., Oliviera, A.P., Santos, D., Pereira, W.E., Oliveira, R.C. and Gondim, S.C. (2008) Efeito da irrigação e da adubação nitrogenada sobre algumas características de desenvolvimento do algodão colorido verde. Revista Brasileira de Oleaginosas e Fibrosas, 12, 49-57.
[27] Chaves, L.H.G., Gheyi, H.R. and Ribeiro, S. (2011) Consumo de água e eficiência do uso para cultivar de mamona Paraguaçu submetida à fertilização nitrogenada. Engenharia Ambiental: Pesquisa e Tecnologia, 8, 126-133.
[28] Aguiar Neto, P., Oliveira, F.A., Silva, P.V., Pereira Jr., E.B. and Santos, F.G.B. (2010) Influência da calagem e de fósforo sob a disponibilidade de nutrientes e desenvolvimento do girassol. Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, 5, 137-143.
[29] Barros Jr., G., Guerra, H.O.C., Cavalcanti, M.L.F. and Lacerda, R.D. (2008) Consumo de água e eficiência do uso para duas cultivares de mamona submetidas a estresse hibrido. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental, 12, 350-355.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-43662008000400003

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.