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Determination and Quantification of Vanadium(V) in Environmental Samples Using Chemically Modified Chitosan Sorbent

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DOI: 10.4236/jeas.2014.42006    2,262 Downloads   3,273 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The application of biopolymers such as chitosan is one of the emerging sorption methods for the removal of metal ions, even at low concentrations. A rapid, sensitive and selected method is de- scribed for preconcentrative determination of vanadium(V) using the synthesized 3-Hydroxyben- zaldehyde-4 Amino antipyrine (HBAP), which was chemically immobilized on chitosan. This is easy to prepare in comparison to many other sorbents. The synthesized sorbent material was se- lective to vanadium(V) within a better response time of 30 min. The method was selective in presence of other foreign ions like Cl-, F-, , , Na+, Ca2+, Zn2+, Fe3+, Fe2+, Cu2+, Cr3+, EDTA, Mn2+, Co2+ and Ni2+. The calibration plots were linear over the concentration range of 0.5 μg·L-1 to 7 μg·L-1 of vanadium(V). These values are 100 times lower than by the direct determination of vanadium by FAAS. The developed procedure was reproducible with a relative standard deviation of 2.84%. The developed sorbent was successfully applied for the determination of vanadium(V) in real water and soil samples. Unlike most preconcentration procedures, the present enrichment method allowed for a rapid and reliable determination of vanadium(V) in environmental samples by the simple and routinely available flame atomic absorption spectrometry technique.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Yadamari, T. , Yakkala, K. and Naidu Gurijala, R. (2014) Determination and Quantification of Vanadium(V) in Environmental Samples Using Chemically Modified Chitosan Sorbent. Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences, 4, 53-61. doi: 10.4236/jeas.2014.42006.

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