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A New Era in the Management of the Hepatitis C

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.512091    2,647 Downloads   3,339 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C is an infection caused by the hepatitis C virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation. The current standard-of-care regimens include a protease inhibitortelaprevir or boceprevirin combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Hepatitis C treatment options on the horizon hold promise for better viral clearance with less toxicity than current regimens. There are new data about new drugs, both direct-acting antivirals while minimizing intolerable side effects or adverse events. Developed new data from 4 phase 3 trials with the hepatitis C drug sofosbuvir and ribavirin show that a 12-week regimen is effective in treating HCV genotypes 1 through 6. In the Annual Scientific Meeting and Postgraduate Course of the American College of Gastroenterology, different research was presented that was drawn from 4 phase 3 studies: NEUTRINO, FISSION, POSITRON and FUSION which enrolled different types of patients, who received Sofosbuvir with Peginterferon Alfa 2a and Ribavirin for 12 or 24 weeks in treatment; for all studies, the primary end point was sustained virologic response at 12 and 24 weeks posttreatment. In all studies, sofosbuvir was well tolerated, with a low incidence of adverse events. In conjunction with the suggested brief duration of this regimen, this indicates that drug combinations should improve treatment adherence compared with IFN-based treatment. In conclusion, 2 novel direct-acting antiviral agentssofosbuvir and simeprevirtarget various components of the HCV genome. Advantages of these drugs include a high barrier to viral resistance, a shorter duration of treatment, once-daily dosing, absence of food restrictions, few clinically significant drug interactions, and similar efficacy in all genotypes.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Bruce, A. and Morales, O. (2014) A New Era in the Management of the Hepatitis C. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5, 660-666. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.512091.

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