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Antireflection Coating at Metamaterial Waveguide Structure by Using Superlattices (LANS)

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DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.58074    4,030 Downloads   5,067 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

The characteristics of electromagnetic wave reflection and transmission by multilayered structures consisting of a pair of left-handed material (LHM) and superlattices (LANS) slabs inserted between two semi-infinite dielectric media are investigated for photovoltaic and solar energy applications. Maxwell’s equations are used to determine the electric and magnetic fields of the perpendicular polarized wave incident at each layer. Snell’s law is applied and the boundary conditions are imposed at each layer interface to calculate the reflected and transmitted coefficients of the structure. The reflected, transmitted powers are determined using these coefficients by a recursive method. The reflected and transmitted powers are computed in both visible and microwave spectral band with the appropriate LHM for each band and appropriate location of LANS in the structure. They are illustrated as a function of the incident wavelength, angle of incidence, magnetic fraction of LANS and thickness of the slabs with the emphasis on the appropriate refractive indices. I found that, zero reflectance and maximum transmittance of the incident powers are achieved for visible spectral band at a single frequency if LHM and LANS have the same refractive index of opposite signs with the same width and more magnetic material of LANS while the reflected power is zero for less magnetic material of LANS in the microwave spectral band which realizes antireflection coating in this structure.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mousa, H. (2014) Antireflection Coating at Metamaterial Waveguide Structure by Using Superlattices (LANS). Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 633-642. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.58074.

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