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Drinking Water Quality Surveillance in a Vulnerable Urban Ward of Ahmedabad

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.611143    4,424 Downloads   5,727 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The World Bank estimates that 21% of all communicable diseases in India are related to unsafe water with diarrhoea alone causing more than 0.1 million deaths annually. The WHO drinking water surveillance parameters of quality, quantity, accessibility, affordability and continuity were assessed in one vulnerable ward of Ahmedabad—a fast growing city in Western India. Interviews with key informants of the ward office, health centre and water supply department, secondary analysis and mapping of field test reports and a questionnaire-based survey of different household types were conducted. We found that Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) supplies water to the ward intermittently for two hours during the day. Housing society clusters supplement their AMC water supply with untested bore-well water. The water quality surveillance system is designed for a twenty-four-hour piped distribution of treated surface water. However, in order to maintain surveillance over an intermittent supply that includes ground water, the sampling process should include periodic surveys of water actually consumed by the citizens. The laboratory capacity of the Central Water Testing Laboratory should expand to include more refined tests for microbial and chemical contamination.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Iyer, V. , Choudhury, N. , Azhar, G. and Somvanshi, B. (2014) Drinking Water Quality Surveillance in a Vulnerable Urban Ward of Ahmedabad. Health, 6, 1165-1171. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.611143.

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