Share This Article:

From Crisis to Opportunity and Back Again: Is There a Response Shift at the Population-Level regarding Geriatric Training in Lebanon?

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:231KB) PP. 109-112
DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.32017    2,489 Downloads   3,651 Views  


Between crisis and opportunity, old age has many faces in Lebanon. While old age was first seen as a time of wisdom, the current trend accentuated by migration and the economic crisis sets a challenge for the Lebanese elder; they may be left behind unless something is done in all communities at a national level. In this short communication, we attempt to broaden the scope of thinking about training programs to target population-shift and create a true change. We reflect on our results as an intermediate outcome of public health interventions. We suggest that it may be worthwhile to evaluate population-shifts further and base the success of an intervention on measures of Health Related Quality of Life through the response-shift created by such national public health programs.

Cite this paper

Nehme, R. , Bazzi, L. , Borba, C. and Chemali, Z. (2014) From Crisis to Opportunity and Back Again: Is There a Response Shift at the Population-Level regarding Geriatric Training in Lebanon?. Advances in Aging Research, 3, 109-112. doi: 10.4236/aar.2014.32017.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2013) World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision. DVD Edition.
[2] Chemali, Z., Chahine, L.M. and Sibai, A.M. (2008) Older Adult Care in Lebanon: Towards Stronger and Sustainable Reforms. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 14, 1466-1476.
[3] Bazzi, L., Borba, C., Carney, J. and Chemali, Z. (2013) Capacity Building in Alzheimer’s Disease (AD): Lessons Learned from a Pilot Study in Six Distinct Areas of Lebanon. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports, 3, 185-203.
[4] Sprangers, M.A. and Schwartz, C.E. (1999) Integrating Response Shift into Health-Related Quality of Life Research: A Theoretical Model. Social Science & Medicine, 48, 1507-1515.
[5] Farhood, L.F. and Dimassi, H. (2012) Prevalence and Predictors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression and General Health in a Population from Six Villages in South Lebanon. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47, 639-649.
[6] Farhood, L.F., Chaaya, M. and Saab, B.R. (2010) Detainment and Health: The Case of the Lebanese Hostages of War. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 19, 83-91.
[7] Nuwayhid, I., Zurayk, H., Yamout, R. and Cortas, C.S. (2011) Summer 2006 War on Lebanon: A Lesson in Community Resilience. Global Public Health, 21, 1-15.
[8] Jawad, M.H., Sibai, A.M. and Chaaya, M. (2009) Stressful Life Events and Depressive Symptoms in a Post-War Context: Which Informal Support Makes a Difference? Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 24, 19-32.
[9] Hammond, D., Fong, G.T., Zanna, M.P., Thrasher, J.F. and Borland, R. (2006) Tobacco Denormalization and Industry Beliefs among Smokers from Four Countries. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 31, 225-232.
[10] Fong, G.T., Hammond, D., Laux, F.L., Zanna, M.P., Cummings, K.M., Borland, R., et al. (2004) The Near-Universal Experience of Regret among Smokers in Four Countries: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey. Nicotine and Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 6, S341-S351.
[11] Howard, J.S., Mattacola, C.G., Howell, D.M. and Lattermann, C. (2011) Response Shift Theory: An Application for Health-Related Quality of Life in Rehabilitation Research and Practice. Journal of Allied Health, 40, 31-38.
[12] Hospers, A.P., Chahine, L.M. and Chemali, Z. (2007) Health Care Delivery Systems for Older Adults: How Do the Netherlands and Lebanon Compare? Social Science and Medicine, 65, 1979-1985.
[13] Abdulrahim, S., Ajrouch, K.J., Jammal, A. and Antonucci, T.C. (2012) Survey Methods and Aging Research in an Arab Sociocultural Context—A Case Study from Beirut, Lebanon. Journal of Gerontology. Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67, 775-782.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.