Share This Article:

Intelligent Parking Management System Based on Image Processing

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:2491KB) PP. 55-67
DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2014.22006    10,485 Downloads   19,534 Views   Citations


This paper aims to present an intelligent system for parking space detection based on image processing technique. The proposed system captures and processes the rounded image drawn at parking lot and produces the information of the empty car parking spaces. In this work, a camera is used as a sensor to take photos to show the occupancy of car parks. The reason why a camera is used is because with an image it can detect the presence of many cars at once. Also, the camera can be easily moved to detect different car parking lots. By having this image, the particular car parks vacant can be known and then the processed information was used to guide a driver to an available car park rather than wasting time to find one. The proposed system has been developed in both software and hardware platform. An automatic parking system is used to make the whole process of parking cars more efficient and less complex for both drivers and administrators.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Al-Kharusi, H. and Al-Bahadly, I. (2014) Intelligent Parking Management System Based on Image Processing. World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2, 55-67. doi: 10.4236/wjet.2014.22006.


[1] Yu, H.M., Pang, Z. F. and Ruan, D.R. (2008) The Design of the Embedded Wireless Vehicles Monitoring Management System Based on GPRS: Evidence from China. International conference on Intelligent Information Technology,Shanghai, 21-22 December 2008, 677-680.
[2] Wang, L.F., Chen, H. and Li, Y. (2009) Integrating Mobile Agent with Multi-agent System for Intelligent Parking Negotiation and Guidance. 4th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, 25-27 May 2009, Xi’an, 1704-1707.
[3] Abdallah, L., Stratigopoulos, H.-G., Mir, S. and Kelma, C. (2012) Experiences With Non-Intrusive Sensors For RF Built-In Test. 2012 IEEE International Test Con-ference (ITC), Anaheim, 5-8 November 2012, 1-8.
[4] D. Kim and W. Chung (2008) Motion Planning for Car-Parking Using the Slice Projection Technique. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Nice, 22-26 September 2008, 1050-1055.
[5] Zhang, B., Jiang, D.L., Wang, F. and Wan, T.T. (2009) A Design of Parking Space Detector Based on Video Image. The Ninth International Conference on Electronic Measurement & Instruments, Beijing, 16-19 August 2009, 253-256.
[6] Sreedevi, A.P. and Nair, B.S.S. (2011) Image Processing Based Real Time Vehicle Theft Detection and Prevention System. 2011 International Conference on Process Automation, Control and Computing (PACC), Coimbatore, 20-22 July 2011, 1-6.
[7] Zhang, X., Li, Y., Wang, J. and Chen, Y. (2009) Design Of High-Speed Image Processing System Based on FPGA. The Ninth International Conference on Electronic Measurement & Instruments, Beijing, 16-19 August 2009, 65–69.
[8] Jermsurawong J., Ahsan, M., et al. (2012) Car Parking Vacancy Detection and Its Application in 24-Hour Statistical Analysis. 10th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, Islamabad, 17-19 December 2012, 84-90,
[9] Lin, S., Chen, Y. and Liu, S. (2006) A Vision-Based Parking Lot Management System. IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Taipei, 8-11 October 2006, 2897-2902.
[10] Conci, A., Carvalho, J. and Rauber, T. (2009) A Complete System for Vehicle Plate Localization, Segmentation and Recognition in Real Life Scene. IEEE Latin America Transactions, 7, 497-506.
[11] Lee, K. (2012) Colour Matching for Soft Proofing Using a Camera. IET Image Processing, 6, 292-300.
[12] Tang, V., Zheng, Y., Cao, J., Hong, T. and Polytechnic, K. (2006) An Intelligent Car Park Management System Based on Wireless Sensor Networks. 1st International Symposium on Pervasive Computing and Applications, 3-5 August 2006, Urumqi, 65-70.
[13] Jinghong, D., Yaling, D. and Kun, L. (2007) Development of Image Processing System Based on DSP and FPGA. The Eighth International Conference on Electronic Measurement and Instruments, 16 August 2007-18 July 2007, Xi’an, 791-794.
[14] Matjasec, Z. and Conlagiü, D. (2011) An Optical Signal Processing Device for White-Light Interferometry, Based on CPLD. 2011 Proceedings of the 34th International Convention MIPRO, Opatija, 23-27 May 2011, 60-64.
[15] Wang, Y., Zhou, G. and Li, T. (2006) Design of a Wireless Sensor Network for Detecting Occupancy of Vehicle Berth in Car Park. Seventh International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Applications and Technologies, Taipei, December 2006, 115-118.
[16] Funck, S., Mohler, N. and Oertel, W. (2004) Determining Car-Park Occupancy from Single Images. 2004 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Parma, 14-17 June 2004, 325-328.
[17] Zilan, R., Barceló-Ordinas, J.M. and Tavli, B. (2008) Image Recognition Traffic Patterns for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks. In: Cerdà-Alabern, L., Ed., Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 5122: Wireless Systems and Mobility in Next Generation Internet, 4th International Workshop of the EuroNGI/EuroFGI Network of Excellence, Barcelona, 16-18 January 2008, 49-59.
[18] Wolff, J., Heuer, T., Gao, H., Weinmann, M., Voit, S. and Hartmann, U. (2006) Parking Monitor System Based on Magnetic Field Sensors. Proceedings of the IEEE ITSC 2006 Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, Toronto, 17-20 September 2006, 1275-1279.
[19] Riza, N.A., Marraccini, P.J. and Baxley, C.R. (2012) Data Efficient Digital Micromirror Device-Based Image Edge Detection Sensor Using Space-Time Processing. IEEE Sensors Journal, 12, 1043-1047.
[20] Yusnita, R., Norbaya, F. and Basharuddin, N. (2012) Intelligent Parking Space Detection System Based on Image Processing. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 3, 232-235.
[21] Caicedo, F. and Vargas, J. (2012) Access Control Systems and Reductions of Driver’s Wait Time at the Entrance of a Car Park. 7th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA), Singapore, 18-20 July 2012, 1639-1644.
[22] Prasad, A.S.G., Sharath, U., Amith, B. and Supritha, B.R. (2012) Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor Instrumentation for Parking Space Occupancy Management. International Conference on Optical Engineering (ICOE), Belgaum, 26-28 July 2012, 1-4.
[23] Chien, S.A. (1994) Automated Synthesis of Image Processing Procedures for a Large-Scale Image Database. 4th International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology (KST), Austin, 13-16 November 1994, 796-800.
[24] Caicedo, F. and Vargas, J. (2012) Access Control Systems and Reductions of Driver’s Wait Time at the Entrance of a Car Park. IEEE 7th International Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, Singapore, 18-20 July 2012, 1639-1644.
[25] Boluk, P.S., Irgan, K., Baydere, S. and Harmanci, E. (2011) IQAR: Image Quality Aware Routing for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks. 7th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), Istanbul, 4-8 July 2011, 394-399.
[26] Gall, R., Troester, F. and Mogan, G. (2010) Building an Experimental Car Like Mobail Robot for Fully Autonomous Parking. 2010 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM), Montreal, 6-9 July 2010, Montreal, 6-9 July 2010, 1081-1086.
[27] Chen, M.K., Hu, C. and Chang, T.H. (2010) The Research on Optimal Parking Space Choice Model in Parking Lots. 3rd International Conference on Computer Research and Development (ICCRD), Shanghai, 11-13 March 2011, 93-97.
[28] Barton, J., Buckley, J., O’Flynn, B., O’Mathuna, S.C., Benson, J.P., O’Donovan, T., Roedig, U. and Sreenan, C. (2007) The D-Systems Project—Wireless Sensor Networks for Car-Park Management. IEEE 65th Vehicular Technology Conference, Dublin, 22-25 April 2007, 170-173.
[29] Souissi, R., Cheikhrouhou, O., Kammoun, I. and Abid, M. (2011) A Parking Management System Using Wireless Sensor Networks. 2011 International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM), Hammamet, 19-22 December 2011, 1-7.
[30] Srikanth, S.V., Pramod, P.J., Dileep, K.P., Tapas, S., Patil, M.U. and Sarat, C.B.N. (2009) Design and Implementation of a prototype Smart PARKing (SPARK) System Using Wireless Sensor Networks. International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops, Bradford, 26-29 May 2009, 401-406.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.