Share This Article:

Effect of Composted Rock Phosphate with Organic Materials on Yield and Phosphorus Uptake of Berseem and Maize

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:356KB) PP. 975-984
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.57110    4,387 Downloads   6,337 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Field experiments were conducted to determine the effect of composts prepared from different organic materials with rock phosphate (RP) on yield and P uptake of berseem and their residual effect on maize crop (cv. Azam) during 2011-2012. Composts prepared from RP fed farm yard manure (FYM), simple FYM, organic waste and city garbage were applied at the rate based on their P concentrations. Composts significantly (P ≤ 0.05) increased total dry matter weight of Berseem in first and second cut over control. Residual effect of the prepared composts was determined on yield and plant P uptake of maize in the same layout of Berseem. Maximum and significantly (P ≤ 0.05) higher maize grain yield, total dry matter yield and stover yield of 3161 kg·ha-1, 9633 kg·ha-1 and 6472 kg·ha-1, respectively were recorded by the residual effect of compost of organic waste with half dose of SSP. Thousand grains weight of 220 g was noted in the treatment of residual effect of compost of RP fed FYM with half dose of SSP. Post harvest soil N and P concentrations improved with composting. Significant (P ≤ 0.05) increases in N and P uptake by berseem and maize plants were observed with added composts. Results suggest that the use of composts prepared from different organic materials with RP is environmental friendly and has potential to improve crops yield and plants N and P uptakes for a prolonged time.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ali, A. , Sharif, M. , Wahid, F. , Zhang, Z. , Shah, S. ,  , R. , Zaheer, S. , Khan, F. and Rehman, F. (2014) Effect of Composted Rock Phosphate with Organic Materials on Yield and Phosphorus Uptake of Berseem and Maize. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 975-984. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.57110.

References

[1] Khan, M.A., Sajid, M., Hussain, Z., Rab, A., Marwat, Fazal-I-Wahid, K.B. and Bibi, S. (2013) How Nitrogen and Phosphorus Influence the Phenology of Okra. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 45, 479-482.
[2] Barber, S.A. (1995) Soil Nutrient Bioavailability: A Mechanistic Approach. John & Wiley Sons, Inc., New York.
[3] Amanullah, M.A., Nawab, K., Shah, Z., Hassan, M., Khan, A.Z., Khalil, S.K., Hussain, Z., Tariq, M. and Rahman, H. (2010) Impacts of Planting Density and P-Fertilizer Source on the Growth Analysis of Maize. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42, 2349-2357.
[4] Vasilica, S., Virsta, A., Mirela Dusa, E. and Glavan, A.M. (2009) Waste Recycling and Compost Benefits. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 37, 9-13.
[5] Bertoldi, M.D.D., Vallini, G. and Pera, A. (1983) The Biology of Composting: A Review. Waste Management & Research, 1, 157-176. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0734-242X(83)90055-1
[6] Sarwar, G., Schmeisky, H., Hussain, N., Muhammad, S., Ibrahim, M. and Safdar, E. (2008) Improvement of Soil Physical and Chemical Properties with Compost Application in Rice-Wheat Cropping System. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 40, 275-282.
[7] Hoitink, H.A.J. and Grebus, M.E. (1994) Status of Biological Control of Plant Diseases with Composts. Compost Science & Utilization, 2, 6-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1065657X.1994.10771134
[8] Zheljazkov, V.D. and Warman, P.R. (2004) Source-Separated Municipal Solid Waste Compost Application to Swiss Chard and Basil. Journal of Environmental Quality, 33, 542-552. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2004.5420
[9] Hashim, S., Marwat, K.B., Saeed, M., Haroon, M., Waqas, M. and Shah, F. (2013) Developing a Sustainable and Eco-Friendly Weed Management System Using Organic and Inorganic Mulching Techniques. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 45, 483-486.
[10] Brannon, C.A. and Sommers, L.E. (1985) Preparation and Characterization of Model Humic Polymers Containing Organic Phosphorus. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 17, 213-219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(85)90117-8
[11] Gaur, A.C. (1992) Bulky Organic Manures and Crop Residues. In: H. Tandon, Ed., Fertilisers, Organic Manures, Recyclable Wastes and Biofertilisers: Components of Integrated Plant Nutrition, Fertiliser Development and Consultation Organisation, New Dehli, 36-43.
[12] Sharif, M., Khattak, R.A. and Sarir, M.S. (2003) Residual Effect of Humic Acid and Chemical Fertilizers on Maize Yield and Nutrient Accumulation. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 19, ,
[13] Ranjhan, S.K. (2001) Animal Nutrition in the Tropics. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
[14] MINFAL (2010) Agricultural statistics of Pakistan. Ministry of Food, Agriculture. Livestock (Economic Wing), Islamabad.
[15] Bouyoucos, G.J. (1962) Hydrometer Method Improved for Making Particle Size Analyses of Soils. Agronomy Journal, 54, 464-465. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1962.00021962005400050028x
[16] Mclean, E.O. (1982) Soil pH and Lime Requirement. In: A. L. Page, Ed., Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 199-224.
[17] Sommers, D.W. and Nelson, L.E. (1996) Total Carbon, Organic Carbon, and Organic Matter. In: Sparks, D.L., Page, A.L., Helmke, P.A., Loeppert, R.H., Soltanpour, P.N., Tabatabai, M.A., Johnston, C.T. and Sumner, M.E., Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3-Chemical Methods, Soil Science Society of America Inc., Madison, 961-1010.
[18] Richards, L.A. (1954) Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils. Soil Science, 78, 154.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195408000-00012
[19] Soltanpour, P.N. and Schwab, A.P. (1977) A New Soil Test for Simultaneous Extraction of Macro- and Micro-Nutrients in Alkaline Soils 1. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis, 8, 195-207.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103627709366714
[20] Bremner, J.M. and Mulvaney, C.S. (1982) Nitrogen—Total. In: Page, A.L., Ed., Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 595-624.
[21] Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, J.H. (1980) Principles and Procedures of Statistics, a Biometrical Approach. McGraw-Hill Kogakusha, Ltd., Tokyo.
[22] Abdelaziz, M.E., Pokluda, R. and Abdelwahab, M.M. (2007) Influence of Compost, Microorganisms and NPK Fertilizer upon Growth, Chemical Composition and Essential Oil Production of Rosmarinus officinalis L. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 35, 86-90.
[23] Yolcu, H., Gunes, A., Dasci, M., Turan, M. and Serin, Y. (2010) The Effects of Solid, Liquid and Combined Cattle Manure Applications on the Yield, Quality and Mineral Contents of Common Vetch and Barley Intercropping Mixture. Ekoloji, 19, 71-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.5053/ekoloji.2010.7510
[24] Rajput, S.S., Shaktawat, M.S. and Intodia, S.K. (2007) Residual Effect of Udaipur Rock Phosphate Sources and Farmyard Manure on Productivity and Nutrient Uptake by Succeeding Maize (Zea mays) after Wheat (Triticum aestivum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 77, 145-149.
[25] Eghball, B., Ginting, D. and Gilley, J.E. (2004) Residual Effects of Manure and Compost Applications on Corn Production and Soil Properties. Agronomy Journal, 96, 442-447. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.0442
[26] Mbakaya, D.S., Odenya, J.O., Njeru, C. and Luteya, J. (2006) Effects of Liming, Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Yield of Maize in Western Kenya. Proceeding of the 8th KARI Scientific Conference, Nairobi, 12-17 November 2006, 123-129.
[27] Tomayo, V.A., Munoz, A.R. and Diaz, A.C. (1997) Organic Fertilizer Application to Maiz (Zea mays L.) on Alluvial Soilin a Moderate Climate. Actualidades-Corpoica, 108, 19-24.
[28] Waldrip-Dail, H., He, Z., Erich, S.M. and Honeycutt, W.C. (2009) Soil Phosphorus Dynamics in Response to Poultry Manure Amendment. Soil Science, 174, 195-201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SS.0b013e31819cd25d
[29] Tejada, M.L.G., Suzuki, K., Kuroda, J., Coccioni, R., Mahoney, J.J., Ohkouchi, N., Sakamoto, T. and Tatsumi, Y. (2009) Ontong Java Plateau Eruption as a Trigger for the Early Aptian Oceanic Anoxic Event. Geology, 37, 855-858.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G25763A.1
[30] Awaad, M.S., Rashad, A.A. and Bayoumi, M.A. (2009) Effect of Farmyard Manure Combined with Some Phosphate Sources on the Productivity of Canola Plants Grown on a Sandy Soil. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 5, 1176-1181.
[31] Erdal, I., Bozkurt, M.A., Cimrin, K.M., Karaca, S. and Saglam, M. (2000) Effects of Humic Acid and Phosphorus fertilizer Application on Growth and Phosphorus Uptake of Maize (Zea mays L.) Grown on a Calcareous Soil. Turkish Journal of Agriculture & Forestry, 24, 663-668.
[32] Ginting, D., Kessavalou, A., Eghball, B. and Doran, J.W. (2003) Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Indicators Four Years after Manure and Compost Applications. Journal of Environmental Quality, 32, 23-32.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2003.2300
[33] Song, Y.I., Ming, Y.F., Zaohua, Y. and Yuan, F.M. (1998) A Fixed Location Study on the Effect of Different Combination of Fertilizers on Biological Characters and Yield of Winter Wheat. Soils and Fertility Beijing, 1, 15-18.
[34] Esilaba, A.O., Reda, F., Ransom, J.K., Bayu, W., Woldewahid, G. and Zemichael, B. (2000) Integrated Nutrient Management Strategies for Soil Fertility Improvement and Striga Control in Northern Ethiopia. African Crop Science Journal, 8, 403-410. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/acsj.v8i4.27680
[35] Laskar, B.K., De, G.K., Debnath, N.C. and Basak, R.K. (1990) Phosphorus Availability and Transformation from Mussoorie rockphosphate in Acid Soils. Environment and Ecology, 8, 612-616.
[36] Mehdi, S., Mehdi, M., Rehman, O., Sarfraz, M., Ahmad, B. and Afzal, S. (2010) Residual Effect of Wheat Applied Phosphorus on Sorghum Fodder in a Sandy Loam Soil (Report). Pakistan Journal of Science, 62, 322-324.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.