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Preoperative serum vascular endothelial growth factor correlated to three dimensional power Doppler indices in ovarian masses

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.43021    3,478 Downloads   4,909 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the preoperative serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in ovarian masses compared to normal controls and to find a correlation between VEGF and Doppler indices in ovarian masses. Methods: The study was conducted from December 2009 to September 2012 in the oncology and ultrasound units in department of obstetrics and gynecology, Ain Shams University on 150 patients with ovarian masses. During preoperative workup, serum Ca-125 levels and serum VEGF levels were obtained. Ultrasonographic examination included two and three dimensional power Doppler ultrasound (3DPD). Laparotomic approaches were undertaken to obtain the final pathologic results. VEGF was measured in one hundred normal cases as controls. Results: Final ovarian pathology revealed seventy three malignant ovarian masses and seventy seven were benign. Serum Ca-125 levels in malignant cases were higher compared to those in benign cases (p < 0.001). Preoperative serum VEGF revealed higher levels in malignant ovarian masses than benign conditions and normal controls (p < 0.001). Three dimensional power Doppler indices, vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI) and vascularization flow index (VFI), correlated positively with serum VEGF levels. Conclusion: Preoperative serum VEGF revealed higher levels in malignant ovarian masses than benign conditions and normal controls. These levels positively correlated with the Doppler vascular indices of the masses.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

AbouSeeda, M. , Mansour, G. and Ez-Elarab, S. (2014) Preoperative serum vascular endothelial growth factor correlated to three dimensional power Doppler indices in ovarian masses. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 112-119. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2014.43021.

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