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Overall Estimation of Anti-Oxidant Activity by Mammal Macrophage

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DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2014.41002    2,613 Downloads   4,029 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Super oxide anion had been known as a critical role in a phagocytic cell when microorganisms invade inside. However, this radical seldom need for a clean environment such in a developed country. Moreover, this agent sometimes triggered as serious factor in the site of inflammation. There are many papers which concerned newly found anti-oxidative substances. However, many reports only focused on the molecular basis in vitro, how oxidative stress damaged the human tissue. The key factor for oxidative stress needs to be discussed first for immunological standpoint, such as armed reduction treaty. In other words, minimum armed force is necessary for an invasion by outer or inner irregular cells. On the basis of phagocytic function of the cell in vivo, we tried to access anti-oxidative activity by employing peritoneal murine macrophage and human monocyte. So, the purpose of this study is to establish a conventional but tailor made system for which is useful for evaluating the anti-oxidative activity to different constition. Especially in human peripheral monocyte, the sample was tested each constitution such in granulocyte rich type and lymphocyte rich typ. In order to establish the direct estimation by phagocytic cell, a murine peritoneal exudates cell suspension was obtained after one week of oral administration with anti-oxidative sample. The samples we selected were traditional Chinese medicine, Shi-Quan-Da-Bu-Tang (SDT), Bu-Zong-Ye-Qi-Tang (BYT) and Shao-Chin-Rong-Tang sCRT), Agaricus, Chlorella, and Propolis. The amount of generated super oxide anion was calculated through measuring the optical density change of this supernatant using cytochrome-C which was reduced by generated super oxide anion in the phagocytic cell. The generated super oxide anion after administration of Agaricus, Chlorella, SDT, BYT, sCRT and Propolis were 2.64, 1.95, 1.24, 1.25, 2.88, 2.55 × 10﹣5 mmol/ml, respectively, whereas 2.85 × 10﹣5 mmol/ml in control group. The fermented sample from SDT, BYT, sCRT and microfied Propolis were also tested and the value of super oxide anion were 0.62, 0.84, 1.50 and 2.55 × 10﹣5 mmol/ml, respectively. In this report, we discussed the direct method for measuring the generated super oxide anion of macrophages, especially from different constitution.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

N. Yamaguchi, N. Kawada, X. Jia, K. Okamoto, K. Okuzumi, R. Chen and T. Takahashi, "Overall Estimation of Anti-Oxidant Activity by Mammal Macrophage," Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2014, pp. 13-21. doi: 10.4236/ojra.2014.41002.

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