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Bio-Oil Production from Biomass by Flash Pyrolysis in a Three-Stage Fluidized Bed Reactors System

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DOI: 10.4236/msce.2014.22002    4,488 Downloads   7,757 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A novel system of fast pyrolysis and vapour quenching was developed at pilot scale to obtain bio-oil from biomass. The system uses three-stage of interconnected fluidized bed reactors that continuously circulate silica sand from an internal pyrolysis reactor to a second external annular reactor for char burning, which generates most of the heat required by the pyrolysis reactor, and a third sand-preheating reactor that burns non-condensable pyrolysis gas. The hot vapours, after high temperature cleaning, are quenched in a flash cooling system. The process generates up to 62% of bio-oil, 25% of char and 13% of non-condensable gas. The heat requirements for the total system are provided by burning part of the char and non-condensable gases generated in the pyrolysis step and by preheating the fluidizing gas for the pyrolysis reactor.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Wilkomirsky, I. , Moreno, E. and Berg, A. (2014) Bio-Oil Production from Biomass by Flash Pyrolysis in a Three-Stage Fluidized Bed Reactors System. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 2, 6-10. doi: 10.4236/msce.2014.22002.

References

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(02)00138-2

  
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